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34 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Major Cause of Death is Heart Failure, Tachypnea

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] of developing pulmonary emboli, which can increase the hemodynamic burden on the right ventricle (RV) by further elevating RV systolic pressure, possibly causing fever, tachypnea[] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[] […] complications, but the common one are listed below: Acidemia Hyperkalemia Volume/fluid overload Hypocalcemia/hyperphosphatemia (as a consequence of secondary hyperparathyroidism) Hyponatremia[]

  • Kidney Failure

    Patients with hypervolemic hyponatremia and kidney failure pose a special therapeutic challenge.[] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[] We present a patient with acute kidney injury and severe hypervolemic hypotonic hyponatremia (serum sodium 100 mEq/L) who was treated successfully with continuous venovenous[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Listen for rales in lower lung lobes, tachypnea and pitting edema in legs.[] Specifically, tolvaptan is approved by the FDA for the treatment of euvolemic hyponatremia and hypervolemic hyponatremia.[] History of Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is, in a nutshell, the end stage for all chronic disease affecting the heart, and as such is a major cause of[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    A patient with hyperglycemia may be dehydrated, as evidenced by tachycardia, tachypnea and possible hypotension.[] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[] The reductions in risk of CV death, all-cause mortality, 3-point major adverse cardiac events, hospitalization for heart failure (HHF), and HHF or CV death with empagliflozin[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Classical symptoms of congestive heart failure and physical findings of tachycardia, tachypnea, rales in the lung bases and jugular venous distention make a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy[] […] symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, persistent gallop rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia[] […] health problems, such as progressive heart failure, arrhythmia, thromboembolism and sudden cardiac death.[]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    […] oral carbohydrate-electrolyte (CE) liquids (I), compared with drinking water (C), change volume/hydration status, vital signs, development of hyperthermia, development of hyponatremia[] ., MD Scope and Significance C oronary artery disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality as a result of acute myocardial infarction (MI) or subsequent heart failure[] Diuretics Diuretic/natriuretic response, EC space, drug concentration if GFR; baroreceptor response to volume shifts Sensitivity; hypotension; risk hypokalemia/hypomagnesemia/hyponatremia[]

  • Pheochromocytoma

    The following common presenting signs and symptoms are seen in patients diagnosed with pheochromocytoma: Elevated blood pressure Severe headache Tremors Tachypnea Pallor of[] Electrolyte and endocrine abnormalities must be ruled out in drowsy and unresponsive patients where hypoglycemia and hyponatremia should be considered high on the differential[] Patients in pheo crisis have had a massive release of adrenaline that causes major health problems including stroke, heart attack, heart failure, multiple organ failure, coma[]

  • Hypervolemia

    The cardiovascular exam is notable for tachycardia, tachypnea, hypertension, jugular venous distension, peripheral edema, and ascites.[] (see Table: Principal Causes of Hyponatremia ).[] Patients were classified as having a major CV event if the main cause of death or hospitalization was acute coronary syndrome, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure[]

  • Uremic Pneumonitis

    Physical examination revealed mild respiratory distress with tachypnea, tachycardia, mild hypoxemia and hypertension.[] Legionella can also cause extrapulmonary symptoms like relative bradycardia and hyponatremia.[] […] related to pneumonia in this population Bacterial infections are a major cause of hospitalization in dialysis patients Hospitalization for septicemia is associated with an[]

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