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60 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Major Cause of Death is Heart Failure, Weight Loss

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In T2DM, greater degrees of weight loss lead to progressive improvements in glucose homeostasis.[doi.org] The reductions in risk of CV death, all-cause mortality, 3-point major adverse cardiac events, hospitalization for heart failure (HHF), and HHF or CV death with empagliflozin[acc.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral ankle edema · Nocturnal cough · Dyspnea on ordinary exertion · Hepatomegaly · Pleural effusion[medicalcriteria.com] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Nausea, loss of appetite, and vomiting. Urea in the gastric juices may cause upset stomach. This can lead to malnutrition and weight loss.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[clinicaladvisor.com] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org]

  • Eating Disorder

    Differences persisted regarding depression and mental HRQoL until 12 months after surgery, except in the areas weight loss and eating disorders.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include: Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death.[web.archive.org] People who suffer from this disorder intentionally avoid eating and often starve themselves in order to achieve an excessive amount of weight loss.[pritikin.com]

  • Heart Failure

    loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral ankle edema · Nocturnal cough · Dyspnea on ordinary exertion · Hepatomegaly · Pleural effusion[medicalcriteria.com] hyponatremia and edema.[uscjournal.com] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Specifically, tolvaptan is approved by the FDA for the treatment of euvolemic hyponatremia and hypervolemic hyponatremia.[healio.com] loss (11 pounds) and anorexia.[austinpublishinggroup.com] History of Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is, in a nutshell, the end stage for all chronic disease affecting the heart, and as such is a major cause of[ceufast.com]

  • Kidney Failure

    Symptoms are often lacking at the start of the disease (stages 1-3), but weight loss, tiredness, nocturia, and pruritus for extended times (months) may indicate CKD.[symptoma.com] Patients with hypervolemic hyponatremia and kidney failure pose a special therapeutic challenge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Anorexia nervosa is a medical and psychological disorder classically seen in young women who present with significant weight loss, a distorted body image, and an intense fear[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The hyponatremia was prioritized and corrected with fluids on hospital day one.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most frequent causes of death associated with anorexia are starvation, electrolyte imbalance, heart failure, and suicide.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypertension

    Arone LJMackintosh RRosenbaum MLeibel RLHirsch J Autonomic nervous system activity in weight gain and weight loss.[dx.doi.org] Drugs to treat hypertension have well-known adverse effects, including hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypotension, dizziness, headache, edema, erectile dysfunction[doi.org] High blood pressure is a major contributing risk factor to heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and chronic kidney disease.[doi.org]

  • Malignant Gastric Neoplasm

    Abstract An 81-year-old man was admitted with upper abdominal pain and weight loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Grade 3 adverse effects included neutropenia, anemia, hyponatremia, catheter-related infection and diarrhea (maximum: 2 patients each).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , major cardiovascular events, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, revascularization or amputation, all‐cause mortality Secondary Limburg 2005 Patients with oesophageal[doi.org]

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