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237 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[] Pooled data [ 26, 27 ] demonstrated lower incidences of hyponatremia (Na serum 2 c).[] […] improve when treated for hydrocephalus (do not lower pressure to less than 15 mm Hg, however).[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Hyponatremia, if present, indicates syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Its delayed diagnosis may be associated with hyponatremia and hypernatremia with fatal outcome.[] […] mcg/mL or greater Meropenem, chloramphenicol, or a fluoroquinolone is a possible alternative In the acute phase, patients may experience hypotension or shock, hypoxemia, hyponatremia[]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Hyponatremia was defined as a plasma sodium concentration 18 , 19 ].[] Hyponatremia was found at admission to the hospital for 22 (73%) of 30 patients; 8 patients had severe hyponatremia (plasma sodium level, Five (17%) of 30 patients in this[] Another interesting observation in our study was the high rate of patients with hyponatremia (83%).[]

  • Cryptococcal Meningitis

    In this case, initial head CT scan was normal but unusually high protein level in CSF prompted a repeat CT scan 5 days later that showed noncommunicating hydrocephalus.[] He was also found to have asymptomatic hyponatremia.[] Six days after co-administration of voriconazole and tacrolimus, the trough concentration of tacrolimus markedly increased and hyponatremia developed.[]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[] Inhalation anthrax Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) Pituitary tumor Reye syndrome Risks of lumbar puncture include: Bleeding into the spinal canal or around the brain[] Normal values typically range as follows: Pressure: 70 to 180 mm H 2 O Appearance: clear, colorless CSF total protein : 15 to 60 mg/100 mL Gamma globulin: 3% to 12% of the[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[]

  • Tularemia Meningitis

    […] rickettsii Southeast Atlantic coast states and Midwest Fever, headache, myalgias, malaise, vomiting, rash Mild leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated liver transaminases, hyponatremia[] 70 percent. 1 , 10 Initial laboratory tests often reveal a normal or slightly depressed white blood cell (WBC) count, thrombocytopenia, elevated liver transaminases and hyponatremia[] […] to 70 percent. 1, 10 Initial laboratory tests often reveal a normal or slightly depressed white blood cell (WBC) count, thrombocytopenia, elevated liver transaminases and hyponatremia[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Abstract Eleven cases of Hemophilus meningitis seen in the last year are reported. Three were H. parainfluenzae and eight were H. influenzae. The number of patients is small but probably indicates that there is little difference in the clinical or laboratory data in meningitis caused by these two organisms. The[…][]

  • Leptospiral Meningitis

    Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonotic disease characterised by headache and fever. These symptoms are often suggestive of meningitis, but only a proportion of patients have leptospiral meningitis. We report episodes of leptospiral meningitis in patients admitted to a tertiary referral centre in the Netherlands, in[…][]

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