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562 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Oliguria

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both twins developed late-onset adrenal insufficiency with oliguria, hypotension, hyponatremia, and pulmonary edema at a postnatal age of 24 days and 51 days, respectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] or hypothermia, tachycardia, tachypnoea, and either leucocytosis or leucopenia; and at least one of the following: acute mental changes, hypoxaemia, hyperlactataemia, and oliguria[adc.bmj.com]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Diluted ORS often lead to Hyponatremia.[omicsonline.org] Akech et al. measured urine output hourly for the first 8 hours (using urinary catheters) and reported frequency of oliguria ( 7 .[wellcomeopenresearch.org] […] dehydration: apathy, tiredness, dizziness, muscle cramps, dry tongue, sunken eyes, reduced skin elasticity, postural hypotension (systolic blood pressure 90 mm Hg), tachycardia, oliguria[patient.info]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Severe hypoalbuminemia, heavy proteinuria, hyponatremia, and hypercholesterolemia were features of the nephrotic syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She fell into oliguria and required dialysis. A kidney biopsy revealed focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Identify the cause of hyponatremia in nephrotic syndrome. Recognize complications associated with nephrotic syndrome, including those resulting from diuretic therapy.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]

  • Acute Tubular Necrosis

    Among them, the most relevant are sodium and water retention, hyponatremia, worsening of hypertension or preexisting cardiac failure, hyperkalemia, acute kidney injury, chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The complications of acute renal failure (such as, gastrointestinal bleeding, acidosis, oliguria and hypervolaemia) were more prevalent in ischaemic and mixed ATN patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, hyponatremia,concentrations are increased.[slideshare.net]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[renalandurologynews.com] Oliguria was observed in 72.2% of the patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Peritoneal dialysis was started at a mean of 51 hours after transplantation for treatment of anuria (5 patients, 50%), oliguria (3 patients, 30%), fluid overload or hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion and Heatstroke Core Temperature* Signs Symptoms Heat Exhaustion 37 C to 40 C (98.6 F to 104 F) Anxiety Confusion Cutaneous flushing Hypotension Oliguria[aafp.org] Clinically significant hyponatremia often results from voluntary overhydration and can be dangerous. 20 Clinical manifestations of hyponatremia include nonspecific symptoms[aafp.org] Hyponatremia in distance runners: Fluid and sodium balance during exercise. Curr Sports Med Rep . 2002;1:197–207. 22.[aafp.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Oliguria and nocturia: These symptoms result from renal congestion.[symptoma.com] These mechanisms are responsible for the symptoms of diaphoresis, cool skin, tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, and oliguria.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Kidney Disease

    "Acute Oliguria". New England Journal of Medicine . 338 (10): 671–75. doi : 10.1056/NEJM199803053381007 .[en.wikipedia.org] Use and Acute Kidney Injury Kidney Disease Following Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Kidney Disease Related to Stem Cell Transplantation TAFRO Syndrome Tea and Toast Hyponatremia[kidney.nyc] […] edit ] Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), [10] [11] is a rapidly progressive loss of renal function , [12] generally characterized by oliguria[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Grade 3 adverse effects included neutropenia, anemia, hyponatremia, catheter-related infection and diarrhea (maximum: 2 patients each).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical history can include epistaxis, gingival bleeding, haematuria, oliguria, cough, dyspnoea, fever, delirium, and coma.[bestpractice.bmj.com] […] lines Hematuria Hematemesis , hematochezia Collection of blood in body cavities: features of hemoperitoneum , hemothorax Thrombotic manifestations Acute renal failure : oliguria[amboss.com]

  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    Thrombocytopenia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, increased fibrinogen and hypocomplementemia were found in most patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyponatremia – Deficiency of sodium (salt) in the blood.[marlerblog.com] Risk of a complicated course/poor outcome was strongly associated with oliguria (p   0.000006) and hypertension (p   0.00003) at presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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