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80 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Pleural Effusion, Urine Sodium Decreased

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Sodium and water not excreted in the urine are retained in the vascular system, adding to the blood volume.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 79-year-old woman experienced episodic dyspnea with unilateral pleural effusion for 2 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Sodium and water not excreted in the urine are retained in the vascular system, adding to the blood volume.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Specifically, tolvaptan is approved by the FDA for the treatment of euvolemic hyponatremia and hypervolemic hyponatremia.[healio.com] Pleural effusion Pleural effusion more evident on lateral view Pleural effusion is bilateral in 70% of cases of CHF.[radiologyassistant.nl]

  • Hyponatremia

    Further breaking down those with a low plasma osmolality can be done by assessing the extracellular volume status and urine sodium levels .[openanesthesia.org] [ edit ] True hyponatremia, also known as hypotonic hyponatremia, is the most common type.[en.wikipedia.org] The patient was initially admitted because of severe hyponatremia and pneumonia with radiologic signs of pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Prerenal Azotemia

    A urinalysis will typically show a decreased urine sodium level, a high urine creatinine -to-serum creatinine ratio, a high urine urea -to-serum urea ratio, and concentrated[en.wikipedia.org] Thiazide diuretic ingestion contributed to her hyponatremia and hypokalemia.[sites.google.com] Effusion and Pneumothorax 369 Interstitial Lung Disease W Bradley Fields Kevin R Flaherty 375 Pulmonary Hypertension Jordan Messler Allan Ramirez 383 Nephrology 389 Acute[books.google.ro]

  • Hepatorenal Syndrome

    The acute effects of immersion in in this 2nd patient were characterized by a dramatic increase in urine output and renal sodium excretion as well as in p-aminohippurate and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of hyponatremia and HRS in cirrhosis (Figure 1).[gastroenterologyandhepatology.net] However, intravascular volume expansion, which is often necessary to treat HRS, can potentially lead to worsening of ascites, pleural effusion or heart failure.[ndt.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome

    Interestingly, as rapid tumor lysis progressed, the patient’s serum sodium increased and urine osmolality and urine sodium decreased.[gotoper.com] Sequestration of fludarabine in the pleural effusion may be attributable to the development of TLS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Urine pH is routinely tested, and the sodium bicarbonate is periodically increased or decreased to maintain a pH level between 7 and 8.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    […] renin, increased MAP, decreased CO and improved renal function by increasing GFR, increased urine sodium and volume excretion.(25) In patient with massive hydrothorax with[clinicaltrials.gov] In some patients, free-water excretion is impaired and severe hyponatremia may develop. Frequently, large-volume paracentesis needs to be done.[omicsonline.org] This condition leads to accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites), pleural effusions, edema of the legs, dilation of superficial veins of the abdomen, and dilation[innerbody.com]

  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome

    Decreased perfusion to the kidneys leads to oliguria and decrease urine sodium excretion.[symptoma.com] Clinical signs may include any or all of the following: rapid weight gain, ascites, oliguria, hemoconcentration, leukocytosis, along with intravascular hypovolemia, hyponatremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Isolated pleural effusion is a rare presentation of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome following ovulation induction therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    CSWS is associated with a decreased serum sodium level, increased urinary sodium level, increased urine output, decreased ECF volume, increased atrial natriuretic peptide[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyponatremia is a common neuromedical problem seen in survivors of central nervous system injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] effusion.[jpma.org.pk]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    […] and urine output and decreased urine specific gravity after discontinuation of AVP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a boy with craniopharyngioma who had hyponatremia due to cerebral salt wasting preoperatively, developed diabetes insipidus (DI) intraoperatively and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Critical phase started on fifth day with evidence of pleural effusion and moderate ascites.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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