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60 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Pleural Effusion, Urine Sodium Decreased

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Lixivaptan works by causing a decrease in renal water re-absorption and reducing urine osmolality without affecting sodium or other electrolyte serum concentrations.[] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[] SUBJECT: A 79-year-old woman experienced episodic dyspnea with unilateral pleural effusion for 2 years.[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Monitor for hyponatremia. For pulmonary edema, an extreme of CHF, morphine and IV nitrates are adjuncts.[] Pleural effusion Pleural effusion more evident on lateral view Pleural effusion is bilateral in 70% of cases of CHF.[] : [4] [8] [2] [19] [9] [20] [21] [22] [23] Treatment General measures Lifestyle modifications Salt restriction ( 3 g/day) Fluid restriction in patients with edema and/or hyponatremia[]

  • Hyponatremia

    Further breaking down those with a low plasma osmolality can be done by assessing the extracellular volume status and urine sodium levels.[] True hyponatremia, also known as hypotonic hyponatremia, is the most common type. It is often simply referred to as "hyponatremia."[] The patient was initially admitted because of severe hyponatremia and pneumonia with radiologic signs of pleural effusion.[]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    ., spontaneous bacterial peritonitis ) Gastrointestinal bleeding Constipation Portal vein thrombosis Hypovolemia /exsiccosis and electrolyte disturbances ( hypokalemia, hyponatremia[] This condition leads to accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites), pleural effusions, edema of the legs, dilation of superficial veins of the abdomen, and dilation[] […] renin, increased MAP, decreased CO and improved renal function by increasing GFR, increased urine sodium and volume excretion.(25) In patient with massive hydrothorax with[]

  • Ascites

    Diuretics can increase the amount of urine excreted, thus decreasing the amount of retained fluid. Diuretics and their usage must be prescribed by a physician.[] Abstract Objective Hyponatremia is frequently observed in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis and it is also related to a poor prognosis.[] BACKGROUND: The Dengue Score is a model for predicting pleural effusion and/or ascites and uses the hematocrit (Hct), albumin concentration, platelet count and aspartate aminotransferase[]

  • Disseminated Tuberculosis

    The patient had decreased urine output and felt drowsy.[] Laboratory results showed metabolic acidemia, severe hyperkalemia and hyponatremia, acute renal dysfunction and sterile pyuria.[] A CT scan of the abdomen fortuitously revealed incidental pleural effusions and a subsequent CT scan of the chest demonstrated miliary infiltrates, suspicious for disseminated[]

  • Prerenal Azotemia

    A urinalysis will typically show a decreased urine sodium level, a high urine creatinine -to-serum creatinine ratio, a high urine urea -to-serum urea ratio, and concentrated[] الصفحة 167 - Arieff AI: Hyponatremia, convulsions, respiratory arrest, and permanent brain damage after elective surgery in healthy women. ‏ الصفحة 114 - Hoffman GS.[] Effusion and Pneumothorax 369 Interstitial Lung Disease W Bradley Fields Kevin R Flaherty 375 Pulmonary Hypertension Jordan Messler Allan Ramirez 383 Nephrology 389 Acute[]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[] […] intestines Bone, joint, and muscle pain Changes in blood sugar Damage to nerves of the legs and arms ( peripheral neuropathy ) Dementia Fluid buildup around the lungs ( pleural[] Associated with a high BUN/creatinine ratio, increased urine osmolality, a urine sodium concentration less than 20 mEq/L, and FENa less than 1% (this is why getting urine[]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Dehydration Increased thirst, dry mouth, dry skin, decreased urine output, fatigue, shortness of breath, stomach cramps.[] Causes of Hyponatremia Hyponatremia is caused by conditions such as water retention and renal failure that result in a low sodium level in the blood.[] effusion, or edema.[]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    CSWS is associated with a decreased serum sodium level, increased urinary sodium level, increased urine output, decreased ECF volume, increased atrial natriuretic peptide[] Hyponatremia in acute brain disease is a common occurrence, especially after an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.[] effusion.[]

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