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454 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Polyuria

  • Psychogenic Polydipsia

    We present a patient who presented with a new onset of polyuria and polydipsia after sustaining a TBI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This tended to sustain hyponatremia. Polydipsia should be recognized as a cause of hyponatremia, perhaps with reset osmostat.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The case of a 17 year-old female with psychogenic polydipsia is reported; 13 out of 18 members of her maternal family were known to have had polydipsia and polyuria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Water Intoxication

    Also, we present a diagnostic algorithm for polydipsia and polyuria before death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Water intoxication is an unusual but potentially lethal cause of perioperative hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Epidemiological surveys have used staff reports and polyuria measures to identify polydipsic patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    The patient developed polydipsia and polyuria one week before admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[nejm.org] Typical presentation includes a prodrome of weight loss and polyuria with subsequent presentation to medical care when acidosis becomes symptomatic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Loop Diuretic

    Fatigue, muscle weakness, leg cramps NV, paralytic ileus Soft, flabby muscles Paresthesias, decreased reflexes Weak, irregular pulse Polyuria, hyperglycemia What are 5 key[quizlet.com] Additionally, copeptin concentrations did not predict future development of hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They can cause hypOnatremia, though. How do they do this?[forums.studentdoctor.net]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Despite polyuria, both patients developed resistant hyperkalemia that needed further hemodialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com] Clinical Manifestations In children the clinical spectrum is nonspecific including anorexia, failure to thrive, vomiting and dehydration, constipation, polyuria, and polydipsia[renaltube.com]

  • Diuretic Toxicity

    Early symptoms of hypercalcemia may include nausea, vomiting, and anorexia (appetite/weight loss), followed by polyuria (excess urination), polydipsia (excess thirst), weakness[vitamindwiki.com] So with hyponatremia, more Li is reabsorbed causing higher Li levels and lithium toxicity. This goes for anything that causes lower na levels.[forums.studentdoctor.net] Toxicity: hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hyponatremia; hyperGlycemia, hyperLipidemia, hyperUricemia & hyperCalcemia (hyperGLUC). Sulfa allergy.[quizlet.com]

  • Hyperglycemia

    -year-old, male type-2 diabetic patient with liver cirrhosis stage Child-Pugh B was admitted due to dysmetria of his right arm, gait disturbance, dizziness, vertigo, and polyuria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Large-scale absorption of irrigating fluid (3 L) induced dilutional hyponatremia (120 mmol/L) and hyperglycemia (30 mmol/L).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Everything you need to know about hyperglycemia How to avoid high blood glucose levels Common Symptoms of Hyperglycemia The Classic Symptoms Polyphagia (frequently hungry) Polyuria[endocrineweb.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Hyperglycemia may cause dilutional hyponatremia, so measured serum sodium is corrected by adding 1.6 mEq/L (1.6 mmol/L) for each 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) elevation of serum[merckmanuals.com] ), extreme acidosis (pH Signs and Symptoms – many gastric symptoms, probably protective against further ingestion of glucose osmotic diuresis (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria[d3jonline.tripod.com] Review Topic QID: 109465 1 Hyponatremia is independently associated with a poor prognosis 2 Hyperkalemia is independent of the patient's total body potassium stores 3 Hyperglycemia[medbullets.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is because both disorders cause polyuria , or excessive urine output.[courses.washington.edu] Comments Acetohexamide* 250 mg once/day–750 mg bid 12–24 h No longer available in US Chlorpropamide * 100 mg once/day–750 mg once/day 24–36 h Chlorpropamide : May cause hyponatremia[msdmanuals.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Further early indicators are polyuria, newly emerging or worsening hypertension or peripheral edemas. Depending on the etiology, there can also be flank pains or fever.[lecturio.com] Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[clinicaladvisor.com] […] complications, but the common one are listed below: Acidemia Hyperkalemia Volume/fluid overload Hypocalcemia/hyperphosphatemia (as a consequence of secondary hyperparathyroidism) Hyponatremia[clinicaladvisor.com]

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