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123 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Severe Abdominal Pain, Visual Hallucination

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Neurovisceral symptoms resolved, and severe hyponatremia was corrected with IV saline solution without complications.[] Acute attacks present with episodes of severe abdominal pain, nausea, confusion and severe life-threatening seizures.[] Psychological symptoms are variable: irritability, emotionality, depression, considerable anxiety and, more rarely, auditory and visual hallucinations, disorientation, mental[]

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    Hyponatremia-associated rhabdomyolysis. Nephron. 1999;82(3):274-7. [8] 6- Rizzieri DA. Rhabdomyolysis after correction of hyponatremia due to psychogenic polydipsia.[] Depending on the specific type, AHP patients can suffer from a range of symptoms including acute and/or recurrent life-threatening attacks with severe abdominal pain, peripheral[] hallucinations, mental confusion).[]

  • Porphyria

    Severe hyponatremia, urine that develops orange colour on exposure to light and gastrointestinal symptom combination with neurologic symptoms are three valuable clues that[] Acute attacks occur mainly in adults and comprise severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, autonomic disturbance, central nervous system involvement and peripheral motor neuropathy[] Patients may have anxiety, confusion, autonomic instability (manifested as hypertension or tachycardia), emesis, and severe abdominal pain.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Hyperglycemia may cause dilutional hyponatremia, so measured serum sodium is corrected by adding 1.6 mEq/L (1.6 mmol/L) for each 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) elevation of serum[] Other reasons to seek immediate medical treatment include shortness of breath, chest pain , severe abdominal pain with vomiting, or high fever (above 101 F or 38.3 C).[] As your body loses more and more water, you may notice: High fever Weakness Drowsiness Altered mental state Headache Restlessness Inability to speak Visual problems Hallucinations[]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    abdominal pain and profuse diarrhea for 3 days.[] An 80-year-old female with relapsed multiple myeloma presented with severe diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and acute renal failure 3 weeks after starting ixazomib[] An 87-year-old Hispanic man with a past medical history of hypertension, diabetes, and constipation, presented to an emergency department complaining of severe generalized[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Patients may have an abrupt onset of fever, and fatigue, nausea, vomiting, cold hands and feet, chills, severe muscle aches, abdominal pain, rapid breathing, and diarrhea.[]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    Rathke's cleft cysts are sometimes associated with aseptic meningitis or metabolic encephalopathy due to hyponatremia.[] A 50-year-old female presented to the Emergency Department with symptoms of nausea and severe abdominal pain.[] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions, agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss, and confusion. [5] HIV encephalopathy[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Meningococcal septicaemia: Rash that develops into a bruise-like rash or blood blisters - marks do not fade in the ‘tumbler test' Fever Abdominal pain/diarrhoea Rapid breathing[] Muscle pain Severe drowsiness Vomiting Cold hands and feet Confusion.[]

  • St. Louis Encephalitis

    Of this group, 13 patients appeared to have hyponatremia due to inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone; the remaining patients were probably hyponatremic from salt[] Symptomatology on admission included fever, chills, severe headache, abdominal pain, myalgia, arthralgia and jaundice.[] The medical literature also contains reports of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and hyponatremia in patients with St.[]

  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis

    Hyponatremia and increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell count are independent predictors of poor outcomes.[] A short prodrome of 5 to 10 days might be present with symptoms like abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea and headache.[] The presence of large radiographic lesions did not predict a poor outcome, but either high cerebrospinal fluid white-cell counts or severe hyponatremia did.[]

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