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56 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Slow Deep Tendon Reflexes

  • Myxedema Coma

    Plasma vasopressin levels returned to the normal range after the correction of hyponatremia.[] The decreased rate of muscle contractility in hypothyroidism is evident from slow deep tendon reflexes.[] Most patients have the physical features of severe hypothyroidism, including bradycardia and slow relaxation of the deep tendon reflexes.[]

  • Congenital Non-Goitrous Hypothyroidism 6

    Mild to moderate hyponatremia (plasma sodium 125–134 mmol/L) and severe hyponatremia ( Hypernatremia (plasma sodium 145 mmol/L) is caused by primary water deficit (with or[] Clinically, patients present with progressive stupor and coma, seizures, hypotension, hypoventilation, and hypothermia, and respiratory acidosis and hyponatremia may be present[] PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Marcialis MA, Dessì A, Contu S, Vassilios F (2009) Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis: a novel cause of euvolemic hypotonic hyponatremia[]

  • Hypermagnesemia

    Tumor-related hyponatremia. Clinical medicine & research 5, 228-237 (2007). Contributed by Daniel D. Rhoads, MD and Octavia M. Peck Palmer, PhD[] deep tendon reflexes • Confusion • Urinary retention • Cardiac arrest when level severely elevated TREATMENT • Administer magnesium antagonist intravenously: • calcium chloride[] Hyponatremia is usually asymptomatic unless it is acute or severe ( Treatment of Hyponatremia Treatment of hyponatremia involves administration of sodium and elimination of[]

  • Low Chloride

    Patients who take certain types of diuretic medication may also develop hyponatremia, notes MedlinePlus.[] tendon reflexes - Tetany - Slow, shallow respirations - Seizures - Dysrhythmias - Coma - S/s of acid-base imbalances: hyponatremia, hypokalemia & metabolic alkalosis *METABOLIC[] Hyponatremia (low blood sodium) definition and facts Hyponatremia refers to a low level of sodium in the blood.[]

  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

    Hyponatremia is one of the commonest electrolyte abnormality. Various neurological conditions including Guillain Barre syndrome could precipitate it.[] tendon reflexes.[] Anti ganglioside antibodies were negative Conclusion: This is an unusual case where the diagnosis of CIDP was prompted from hyponatremia.[]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    […] dL ( 1.4-2.0 mEq/L 0.70 -1.00 mmol/L); - to convert mg/dL to mmol/L (SI units): multiply by 0.4114 Assoc. lytes abnormality: hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia[] Signs and symptoms include muscle tremors and weakness, athetoid movements (continuous, slow, involuntary twisting/writhing movements), ataxia, and hyperactive deep tendon[] Hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia . Arch Intern Med 1984 ; 144 : 1794 – 6 . 4 .[]

  • Diabetic Amyotrophy

    Laboratory evaluation of the hyponatremia suggested the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.[] Patellar deep tendon reflexes (DTRs) and ankle DTRs are absent bilaterally. Biceps and triceps DTRs are each 2 bilaterally.[] The hyponatremia resolved spontaneously with improvement in body weight and the amyotrophy resolved after four to six months.[]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Causes of Hyponatremia Hyponatremia is caused by conditions such as water retention and renal failure that result in a low sodium level in the blood.[] .  Irritability  Tremors  Muscle cramps  Hyperactive deep tendon reflexesSlow shallow respiration  Coma  seizures 44.[] HR if severe, blood clots are more likely, assess for slowed or impaired blood flow, sever muscle weakness, decreased deep tendon reflexes, may be confused or lethargic,[]

  • Ataxia

    Upper motor neuron signs in the legs such as equivocal or extensor plantar responses, brisk deep tendon reflexes and unsustained ankle clonus are sometimes present.[] Deep tendon reflexes are retained, and progression is very slow, particularly in Arcadians.[] Ataxia may improve over time, but in the fifth to sixth decade of life a slow deterioration of walking is noted.[]

  • Hypothyroidism

    Hyponatremia is often present so care when administering fluids is needed to avoid worsening that state.[] […] of the relaxation phase of deep tendon reflexes Psychiatric manifestations: Personality changes, depression, dull facial expression, dementia or frank psychosis (myxedema[] Mental status changes including lethargy, cognitive dysfunction, and even psychosis, and hypothermia are the hallmark features of myxedema coma. 33 Hyponatremia, hypoventilation[]

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