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891 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Syncope

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    A 66-year-old man, chronic smoker, presented with episodes of syncope, hypotension and constitutional symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Of 65 serious AEs reported by 32 patients (20 per 100 patient-years), four were considered to be possibly related to DR-HC: acute AI (n   2), gastritis (n   1) and syncope[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ecstasy

    We report a case of a 37-year-old female with a past medical history of hypertension presenting with syncope and altered mental status who was found to have an acute DeBakey[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., hyponatremia).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Accordingly, we believe that hyponatremia may be prevented in ED patients after MDMA ingestion by the early restriction of water intake.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Without treatment, heat syncope can put you at risk for heat stroke.[orthoinfo.aaos.org] Clinically significant hyponatremia often results from voluntary overhydration and can be dangerous. 20 Clinical manifestations of hyponatremia include nonspecific symptoms[aafp.org] Heat exhaustion is a non–life-threatening clinical syndrome of weakness, malaise, nausea, syncope, and other nonspecific symptoms caused by heat exposure.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Heat Cramp

    T67.1XXA Heat syncope, initial encounter T67.1XXD Heat syncope, subsequent encounter T67.1XXS Heat syncope, sequela T67.2XXA Heat cramp, initial encounter T67.2XXD Heat cramp[healthprovidersdata.com] In contrast, heat cramps can occur in physically fit people who sweat profusely and replace lost water but not salt, thereby causing hyponatremia .[msdmanuals.com] Sweat contains a large amount of sodium, and drinking fluids with inadequate sodium content may result in a serious low-sodium condition called hyponatremia.[webmd.com]

  • Addison's Disease

    Signs and symptoms include low blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, syncope, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, a metabolic acidosis, lethergy, confusion, and convulsions[openanesthesia.org] During admission for evaluation of hypotension, she was also detected to have hyponatremia. Hyponatremia and hypotension failed to improve despite fluid resuscitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Characteristic symptoms are: Sudden penetrating pain in the legs, lower back, or abdomen Severe vomiting and diarrhea, resulting in dehydration Low blood pressure Syncope[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] or syncope associated with this headache Migraine itself is not a risk factor for SAH, but remember that migraine‐sufferers may have SAH as well![emergencymedicinecases.com] […] rate of complications in the NPM-SAH group was higher than in the PM-SAH group, including early hydrocephalus, delayed cerebral ischemia, clinical vasospasm, pneumonia, and hyponatremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, triple-H therapy may carry significant medical morbidity, including pulmonary edema, myocardial ischemia, hyponatremia, renal medullary washout, indwelling catheter-related[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] on the right side of the heart, and it may be more easily felt Eyes or feet may be puffy as the right heart fails Chest pain Palpitations (irregular heartbeat) Dizziness Syncope[cincinnatichildrens.org] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] People whose heart failure is primarily low output heart failure are more likely to have low blood pressure, lightheadedness, and syncope.[verywell.com]

  • Autoimmune Adrenal Insufficiency

    Glucose: 66 mg/dL M2 Select Answer to see Preferred Response PREFERRED RESPONSE 5 (M2.EC.43) A 53-year-old nurse presents to the emergency department after experiencing a syncopal[medbullets.com] Initial laboratory values were notable for hyperkalemia of 9.3 mmol/L, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, non-anion gap metabolic acidosis, mild peripheral eosinophilia, and random[shmabstracts.com] Biochemical analyses revealed that hyperkalemia was typical for AD, while hyponatremia was more characteristic for SAI.[endocrine-abstracts.org]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency Secondary to Hypopituitarism

    Syncope or dizziness (due to hypotension). Confusion. Personality change. Irritability. Loss of pubic or axillary hair in women, delayed puberty in children.[patient.info] Drug-induced hyponatremia could only be attributed to citalopram as he was receiving no other drugs causing hyponatremia.[journals.lww.com] Determination of plasma cortisol level in patients with hyponatremia not explained by other causes should always be obtained.[link.springer.com]

  • Heat Stroke

    Individuals with heat stroke were identified and compared to control subjects with mild heat illness such as heat exhaustion, heat edema, heat cramps, and heat syncope.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 20.51%), confusional state (58.97%),coma (29.48%), seizure (33.33%),and vomiting (26.92%).Vital parameters were recorded and laboratory parameters revealed hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Heat cramps: Symptoms are painful muscle spasms in the arms, legs, or abdomen Heat syncope (fainting): Symptoms of heat syncope or fainting are Heat exhaustion is a warning[medicinenet.com]

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