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626 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Syncope

  • Heat Cramp

    Number: Extreme heat kills 618 people every year," 9 July 2018 According to the Harford County Health Department, heat illness takes many forms, including heat fatigue, heat syncope[merriam-webster.com] This leads to hyponatremia. Cramps may start abruptly and last from several minutes to hours. The muscles in the limbs are usually affected.[symptoma.com] It's vital that you take steps to cool down when the mercury rises, to avoid heat fatigue and exhaustion, heat syncope (sudden dizziness), heat cramps , and heat stroke (when[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency Secondary to Hypopituitarism

    Syncope or dizziness (due to hypotension). Confusion. Personality change. Irritability. Loss of pubic or axillary hair in women, delayed puberty in children.[patient.info] Drug-induced hyponatremia could only be attributed to citalopram as he was receiving no other drugs causing hyponatremia.[journals.lww.com] Determination of plasma cortisol level in patients with hyponatremia not explained by other causes should always be obtained.[link.springer.com]

  • Autoimmune Adrenal Insufficiency

    […] potassium with hyponatremia and hyperkalemia, decreased extracellular fluid volume, hypotension, reduced cardiac output and renal blood flow, pre-renal azotemia, postural syncope[pubs.sciepub.com] Hyponatremia can occur in all forms of adrenal insufficiency, although it tends to occur most prominently in primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease).[resident360.nejm.org] Syncope or dizziness (due to hypotension). Confusion. Personality change. Irritability. Loss of pubic or axillary hair in women, delayed puberty in children.[patient.info]

  • Addison's Disease

    Signs and symptoms include low blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, syncope, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, a metabolic acidosis, lethergy, confusion, and convulsions[openanesthesia.org] During admission for evaluation of hypotension, she was also detected to have hyponatremia. Hyponatremia and hypotension failed to improve despite fluid resuscitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] following signs and symptoms are usually presented by patients with primary adrenal insufficiency: Anorexia Weight loss Fatigue Muscular weakness Hyperpigmentation Hypotension Syncope[symptoma.com]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Electrolyte levels should be measured to exclude severe hyponatremia in patients who have had excessive free water intake, particularly if they develop findings of brain dysfunction[merckmanuals.com] Clinically significant hyponatremia often results from voluntary overhydration and can be dangerous. 20 Clinical manifestations of hyponatremia include nonspecific symptoms[aafp.org] Without treatment, heat syncope can put you at risk for heat stroke.[orthoinfo.aaos.org]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Pooled data [ 26 , 27 ] demonstrated lower incidences of hyponatremia (Na serum 2 c).[doi.org] Ask for any headache preceding syncope![emdidactic.blogspot.com] […] or syncope associated with this headache Migraine itself is not a risk factor for SAH, but remember that migraine‐sufferers may have SAH as well![emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Abstract Hyponatremia after chemotherapy is not an uncommon clinical syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cisplatin is a well-known drug which can raise various adverse events, including hyponatremia.[jstage.jst.go.jp] ., “Incidence of Hyponatremia and Its Causes in Neurological Patients,” Endocrinol Nutrition, Vol. 5, No. 57, 2010, pp.182-186. doi:10.1016/j.endonu.2010.02.009 [ 2 ] M.[scirp.org]

  • Ecstasy

    We report a case of a 37-year-old female with a past medical history of hypertension presenting with syncope and altered mental status who was found to have an acute DeBakey[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., hyponatremia).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Accordingly, we believe that hyponatremia may be prevented in ED patients after MDMA ingestion by the early restriction of water intake.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] on the right side of the heart, and it may be more easily felt Eyes or feet may be puffy as the right heart fails Chest pain Palpitations (irregular heartbeat) Dizziness Syncope[cincinnatichildrens.org] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] People whose heart failure is primarily low output heart failure are more likely to have low blood pressure, lightheadedness, and syncope.[verywell.com]

  • Malaria

    […] aggressive treatment of hyponatremia may lead to death.[emedicine.com] A 39-year-old man was admitted to a district hospital with a 3-day history of headache, fever, and chills in association with vomiting, abdominal pain, and syncope.[doi.org] Case 3, a 39-year-old man, was admitted to a district hospital with a 3-day history of headache, fever and chills in association with vomiting, abdominal pain and syncope.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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