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436 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Tachycardia, Tachypnea

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    ECG and telemetry revealed relatively slow supraventricular tachycardia, which did not trigger the alert, and catheter ablation successfully controlled the heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of developing pulmonary emboli, which can increase the hemodynamic burden on the right ventricle (RV) by further elevating RV systolic pressure, possibly causing fever, tachypnea[emedicine.com]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    The patient is assessed for changes in baseline respiratory function; restlessness, changes in breath sounds, and tachypnea may signal an exacerbation.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] ., tachycardia and hypertension), and approximately five times more likely to be associated with hallucinations ( 8 ).[cdc.gov] Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[renalandurologynews.com]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    On arrival to the emergency department (ED) the patient was noted to be febrile with tachycardia, tachypnea, and hypoxia and was intubated for respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tachypnea, hypoxia, and respiratory alkalosis are typical early clinical manifestations, and they are usually followed by the appearance of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms usually appear shortly after birth and may include tachypnea, tachycardia, chest wall retractions (recession), expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and cyanosis[orpha.net]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    The patient rapidly deteriorated, presenting with dyspnea, tachypnea, productive cough, abdominal pain, and onset of fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pain Classically radiating towards the back Worse after meals and when supine Improves on leaning forwards Nausea, vomiting General physical examination Signs of shock : tachycardia[amboss.com] The physical examination findings may be normal or reveal fever, hypotension, tachycardia, tachypnea, or diaphoresis.[aafp.org]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    tachycardia or sinus tachycardia with intraventricular conduction delay after 5 minutes, and sinus tachycardia with marked ST-segment elevation in almost all leads after[circ.ahajournals.org] Pooled data [ 26, 27 ] demonstrated lower incidences of hyponatremia (Na serum 2 c).[doi.org] […] of the LV frequently do not match coronary artery distributions. 10 Other mechanisms of injury such as coronary vasospasm and supply-demand mismatch from hypertension and tachycardia[web.archive.org]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Dizziness tachycardia and hyperventilation also occur. More severe poisoning can lead to delirium, agitation and convulsions.[gcs3.co.uk] Zell- Kanter Reviewed 06/2017 Respiratory alkalosis and metabolic acidosis: Secondary to inhibition of Krebs cycle and uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation Dehydration, hyponatremia[5minuteconsult.com] Other signs are diaphoresis, hyperactivity, and tachycardia. Hyperventilation leads to respiratory alkalosis, but not typically in children.[symptoma.com]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    SIAD is characterized by hyponatremia, hypoosmolality, and less than a maximally diluted urine.[journals.lww.com] […] lability, euphoria, depression, psychosis) – stimulation of mineralocorticoid receptors in limbic system Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone production (SIADH) Hyponatremia[epomedicine.com] […] osmolality Hyperosmotic urine (Urine osmolality 500 mOsm/kg) Hypernatremic urine (Urinary Na 20 mEq/L) Ectopic secretion of ADH retain free water in collecting ducts Euvolemic hyponatremia[epomedicine.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    , abdominal pain (ileus), gastric stasis, and leg cramps ketosis causes nausea and vomiting acidosis causes tachycardia, rapid deep breathing (Kussmaul), hypotension(vasodil[d3jonline.tripod.com] Two patients presented hyponatremia simultaneously. No patients had benefit with phenytoin or diazepam, and one patient got worse after them.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperglycemia may cause dilutional hyponatremia, so measured serum sodium is corrected by adding 1.6 mEq/L (1.6 mmol/L) for each 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) elevation of serum[merckmanuals.com]

  • Legionnaires' Disease

    On admission, he was febrile, toxic looking, dehydrated with hypotension and tachycardia. No clinical signs of respiratory infection were detected on admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] increase in CT-ProVasopressin levels was found, which argues against elevated ADH levels as the causal pathway to hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination findings that are most common include pulmonary rÉles and other evidence of lung consolidation, tachypnoea and tachycardia.[web.archive.org]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Tachycardia and tachypnea are present. Complications of heat exhaustion include impending heatstroke and shock. Management - Remove the patient from the hot environment.[chemm.nlm.nih.gov] It demonstrates that the hemodynamic changes in severe heat exposure reflect a hyperdynamic circulation with tachycardia and high cardiac output states.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrolyte levels should be measured to exclude severe hyponatremia in patients who have had excessive free water intake, particularly if they develop findings of brain dysfunction[merckmanuals.com]

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