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100 Possible Causes for Hypophonia

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  • Dementia

    42-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of diffuse headache of moderate intensity and gradual onset of generalized weakness, imbalance, apathy, memory decline, hypophonia[]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Supporting parkinsonian features include stooped posture, masked facies, micrographia (small handwriting), drooling, speech changes (eg, hypophonia or soft speech, stuttering[] […] feelings of depression or anxiety increase in dandruff or oily skin lack of facial expression ( hypomimia ) less frequent blinking and swallowing lowered voice volume ( hypophonia[] […] eating, dressing, and bathing) Trouble turning in bed Staying in a certain position for a long period of time Non-motor symptoms Diminished sense of smell Low voice volume (hypophonia[]

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    There was asymmetric bradykinesia and rigidity associated with hypomimia and hypophonia.[] In addition, individuals with depression may present signs and symptoms that occur frequently in PD, including masking of facial expression, bradykinesia, hypophonia, apathy[]

  • Juvenile Paralysis Agitans of Hunt

    Hypomimia- “masked facies”,expressionless face, blinking Speech abnormalities- Hypophonia: soft voice Aprosody of speech: monotonous and lack of inflection Tachyphemia: do[]

  • Parkinson-Dementia Syndrome

    Abstract We studied a family in which three siblings had a syndrome characterized by parkinsonism features, mental deterioration, pyramidal signs, and abnormal eye movements beginning in the third decade. The pathology resembled that of progressive supranuclear palsy or the Parkinson-dementia complex of Guam, but[…][]

  • Parkinsonian Disorder

    OBJECTIVE: To provide a 16-year update from the authors' 1996 report documenting a 38% conversion from idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) to a parkinsonian disorder at a mean interval of nearly 13 years after the onset of iRBD in a series of 29 males or 50 years old. METHODS: The[…][]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disorder of unknown aetiology that involves the loss of upper and lower motor neurons in the cerebral cortex, brainstem and spinal cord. Significant progress in understanding the cellular mechanisms of motor neuron[…][]

  • Vocal Cord Dysfunction

    Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a nonorganic disorder of the larynx that involves unintentional paradoxical adduction of the vocal cords while breathing. The resultant symptoms can include dyspnea, chest tightness, cough, throat tightness, wheezing, or voice change. Most patients with VCD are female, and among[…][]

  • Fear

    OBJECTIVE: Continuity with a known midwife might benefit women with fear of birth, but is rare in Sweden. The aim was to test a modified caseload midwifery model of care to provide continuity of caregiver to women with fear of birth. METHODS: A feasibility study where women received antenatal and intrapartum care[…][]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    Abstract A 34-year-old lady presented with generalised weakness of body, indistinguishable from myasthenia gravis within 24 hours of a wasp sting. Respiratory muscle paralysis leading to respiratory failure developed and mechanical ventilatory support was required. The patient made an uneventful recovery.[]

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