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228 Possible Causes for Hypoplastic Toenails, Mental Retardation

  • Dubowitz Syndrome

    toenails Underdeveloped toenails 0001800 Joint hyperflexibility Joints move beyond expected range of motion 0005692 Lymphoma Cancer of lymphatic system 0002665 Malabsorption[] , short stature, microcephaly, mild mental retardation with behavior problems, eczema, and unusual and distinctive faci DUBOWITZ SYNDROME edit English Dubowitz syndrome Human[] toenails Joint hyperflexibility Lymphoma Malabsorption Metatarsus adductus Myopia Nystagmus Pectus excavatum Rectal prolapse Sacral dimple Scoliosis Seizures Spina bifida[]

  • Patau Syndrome

    : Bent, narrow and partially hypoplastic (underdeveloped) Malformations and malpositions Polydactylia : Presence of additional fingers Rock bottom feet Sandal gap : Wide spacing[] Survivors suffer from severe mental retardation and health problems all their lives.[] It leads to a variety of abnormalities that include mental retardation, microcephaly, low-set ears, eye structural defects, polydactyly, and limb abnormalities The presence[]

  • BOD Syndrome

    retardation, borderline-mild Mild and nonprogressive mental retardation Mild mental retardation [ more ] 0001256 Symphalangism affecting the phalanges of the hand Fused finger[] As noted in connection with the Coffin-Siris syndrome (CSS; {135900}), the condition reported by {3:Senior (1971)} resembles that disorder except that mental retardation is[] Brachydactyly Delayed skeletal maturation Fingernail dysplasia Hypoplastic fifth fingernail Hypoplastic toenails Long philtrum Microcephaly Short distal phalanx of toe Toenail[]

  • Turner Syndrome

    RETARDATION.[] toenails Underdeveloped toenails 0001800 Impaired use of nonverbal behaviors Impaired use of nonverbal behaviours 0000758 Irregular proximal tibial epiphyses Irregular innermost[] Turner syndrome is not associated with mental retardation (as had been described in older literature), although females with Turner Syndrome may have difficulty in spatial[]

  • Lenz-Majewski Syndrome

    Affected individuals may also have webbing of toes (syndactyly) and underdeveloped (hypoplastic) toenails.[] The disorder is characterized by failure to thrive and mental retardation.[] We report on a sclerosing bone dysplasia, associated with cutis laxa, enamel dysplasia, and mental retardation.[]

  • Pallister W Syndrome

    Kuwait Farag et al. (1993) conducted a clinicogenetic assessment of 400 institutionalized mentally retarded (IQ less than 50) Kuwaiti patients during a 4-year period (1986[] : Nerve deafness; Protuberant ears; Broad nasal bridge ; Long shallow philtrum; Thin upper lip; Large ears; Simple auricles Limbs: Short thick fingers; Short thick toes; Hypoplastic[] Interestingly these were three patients who also had mental retardation. 6 7 Except for a male with familial TBS, mental retardation, scoliosis, and spina bifida occulta 6[]

  • Cerebellotrigeminal Dermal Dysplasia

    toenails Ectropion Cafe-au-lait spot Sacral dimple Absent thumb Short thumb Omphalocele Short phalanx of finger Sparse scalp hair Confusion Oral cleft Talipes Toe syndactyly[] There have been 19 cases documented to date and we report on two additional male patients, 1 and 6 years of age, with typical features, mild mental retardation and dyspraxia[] retardation, and short stature.[]

  • Coffin-Lowry Syndrome

    […] or toenails, and agenesis of the corpus callosum.[] In two families, the clinical diagnosis had been nonsyndromic X-linked mental retardation.[] In one family, a missense mutation was associated solely with mild mental retardation and no other clinical feature.[]

  • Amelo-Onycho-Hypohidrotic Syndrome

    toenails 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001800 4 abnormality of the fingernails 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001231 5 abnormality of dental[] Mental hospitals, except for the mentally retarded, Psychiatric hospitals.[] toenails Underdeveloped toenails 0001800 Onycholysis Detachment of nail 0001806 Yellow-brown discoloration of the teeth Yellow-brown discolored teeth 0006286 30%-79% of people[]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    toenails Polydactyly Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the eyebrow Umbilical hernia Freckling Retinopathy Cafe-au-lait spot Narrow mouth Accelerated skeletal maturation Optic nerve hypoplasia[] The major anomalies showed by the patient include diffuse polymicrogyria, congenital hydrocephalus, craniosynostosis with severe scaphocephaly, severe mental retardation,[] Retrusion, and Mental Retardation Sensenbrenner syndrome Shprintzen Golberg Craniosynostosis Skeletal Dysplasia, San Diego Type Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia with Coronal[]

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