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535 Possible Causes for Hyporeflexia, Muscle Weakness, Peripheral Motor Neuropathy

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    But weakness that increases over several days is also common. Muscle weakness or loss of muscle function (paralysis) affects both sides of the body.[] In this type, the covering around peripheral nerve cells, called myelin, is damaged. Acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN).[] Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is characterized by rapidly evolving ascending weakness, mild sensory loss, and hyporeflexia or areflexia.[]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    weakness.[] motor neuropathy.[] Other features include preservation of achilles reflexes while global hyporeflexia and neuropathic or myalgic pain.[]

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    weakness.[] neuropathy (patchy numbness and paresthesias), Proximal motor weakness (usually starting in upper extremities which can progress to include respiratory impairment and death[] Additional findings that can lead a physician to suspect porphyria include new-onset hypertension in a young patient, proximal muscle weakness, or dark or reddish-brown urine[]

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    A 55-year-old woman with consanguineous parents developed slowly progressive, asymmetric muscle weakness and atrophy in her forearms, while her ability to walk remained unaffected[] OBJECTIVE: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) presents itself as sensory peripheral neuropathy (SPN) or motor peripheral neuropathy (MPN).[] We present a 70-year-old male patient of Greek origin with choreatic movements of the tongue and face, lower limb muscle weakness, peripheral neuropathy, elevated creatinephosphokinase[]

  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

    Her disease was difficult to manage with various immunosuppressants, and the muscle weakness eventually progressed to involve the respiratory muscles, necessitating mechanical[] Some patients with the syndrome of a multifocal motor neuropathy may have MND rather than, or in addition to, a demyelinating peripheral motor neuropathy.[] Motor neuropathy with multifocal conduction blocks represents a recently identified autoimmune disorder of the peripheral nerve myelin.[]

  • Hypertrophic Interstitial Neuropathy

    Pain Paresthesias Sensory loss Weakness Imbalance Normal conduction velocities but reduced compound muscle action potentials Axonal: pathological process affects the underlying[] Hereditary or idiopathic neuropathy Idiopathic peripheral neuropathy Lyme polyneuropathy Motor polyneuropathy (disorder) Multifocal motor neuropathy Neuropathy (nerve damage[] With low levels of acetylcholine, muscles do not contract normally, resulting in muscle weakness.[]

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

    Common clinical manifestations of CMTX1 disease, as in other forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, are distal muscle wasting and weakness, hyporeflexia, distal sensory[] weakness of the legs, and saddle hypesthesia with fecal and urinary incontinence.[] Charcot-Marie Tooth disease (CMT) encompasses several inherited peripheral motor-sensory neuropathies and is one of the most common inherited neuromuscular diseases.[]

  • Déjerine-Sottas Disease

    554 Case 89A A Woman with Muscle Weakness and a Skin Rash 559 Case 90 A Man with Muscle Pains 567 Case 91 An Older Woman with Progressive Muscle Weakness 572 Case 92 An HIVInfected[] Hereditary peripheral neuropathies (hereditary motor-sensory neuropathies or hereditary demyelinating neuropathies) are abnormalities of Schwann cells and their myelin sheaths[] CASE REPORT: A 9-year-old boy presented progressive slight motor deficit in the lower limbs, particularly in the feet, and generalized hyporeflexia.[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy with Respiratory Distress Type 1

    Most patients presented at the age of 1 to 6 months with respiratory distress due to diaphragmatic paralysis and progressive muscle weakness with predominantly distal lower[] Electromyography and nerve conduction studies revealing peripheral motor and sensory neuropathy then suggest the diagnosis which should be confirmed by genetic analysis.[] The lower motor neuron involvement in disease can cause LMN manifestations such as fasciculation, atrophy, weakness, and hyporeflexia, Upper motor neurone involvement will[]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    weakness.[] […] sensory and motor neuropathies, muscle cramps, hyperreflexia, restless legs syndrome, and seizures (usually the result of hypertensive or metabolic encephalopathy).[] Severe muscle weakness. To check your heart rate, see the instructions for taking a pulse.[]

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