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65 Possible Causes for Hyporeflexia in the Lower Limbs, Hypoxia

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Physical examination confirmed lower left facial palsy and paresthesia of his extremities with hyporeflexia of his lower limbs and sensory loss of all four extremities.[] Atelectasis leads to hypoxia. ii. Hypercarbia later finding; arterial blood gases may be misleading. iii.[] One patient had grade IV/V on MRC scale weakness in upper limbs with hyporeflexia and distal paresthesias in upper limbs and hyper-reflexia in lower limbs.[]

  • Poliomyelitis

    As the pressure increases, the ipsilateral lung collapses and causes hypoxia.[] […] compression of contralateral lung, trachea, heart, and superior vena cava; impaired respiratory function, reduced venous return to the heart and reduced cardiac output; hypoxia[] Mucous plugs can also cause sudden hypoxia and respiratory failure.[]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    […] weakness is of a lower–motor neuron pattern, with flaccid tone, areflexia, or hyporeflexia.[] Bjertnaes LJ (1977) Hypoxia induced vasoconstriction in isolated perfused lungs exposed to injectable or inhalational anaeshtetics.[] Light et al published the first report of NMBA effects in ARDS,(5) demonstrating that pancuronium boluses diminished hypoxia and cerebral damage, as well as lowered inspiratory[]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    Worsening hypoxia required intensive treatment, including percutaneous cardiopulmonary support, after which a series of tests were immediately performed.[] […] upper and lower limbs.[] Reduced cardiac output through the pulmonary circuit leads to hypoxia, further exacerbating the increased pulmonary vascular resistance.[]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Surgical decompression aims at relieving mechanical pressure on the microvascular circulation, therefore reducing hypoxia and ischemia.[] Lower motor neurone signs in the upper limbs (atrophy, hyporeflexia).[] These events promote thrombosis and spasm of the microvessels, leading to further hypoxia.[]

  • Brain Abscess

    Cerebral hypoxia and polycythemia due to a right-to-left shunt are considered to enhance bacterial growth ( 13 ).[] The usual causes are brain edema or hemorrhage with resulting increase in intracranial pressure. brain hypoxia see brain anoxia (above). brain ischemia see brain anoxia (above[] Two factors are required for the occurrence of brain abscess: hypoxia and hyperviscosity.[]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    A 3-month-old female infant was referred to our paediatric ICU with a 4-day history of fatigue, tachypnoea, tachycardia, hypoxia, and respiratory failure.[] […] and hyporeflexia in the lower limbs.[] Oxygen inhalation is of benefit only in presence of hypoxia (as with pneumonia or pulmonary edema).[]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Muscular hypotonia Lower limb hypertonia Clumsiness Difficulty running Focal dystonia Limb dystonia Obsessive-compulsive behavior Dysmetria Atrophy/Degeneration affecting[] Ischemia/hypoxia, metabolic disorders and toxins, particularly those that affect the respiratory chain, have a predilection for affecting the basal ganglia as they are highly[] ; Sensory impairment, non length-dependent; Decreased or absent sensory nerve action potentials, upper and lower limbs; Sural nerve biopsy shows axonal loss MISCELLANEOUS:[]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    This degree of hypoxia and radicular residual anoxic lesion is shown in Fig. ( 2 ).[] Within days, flaccid limbs become spastic and hyporeflexia (underactive nerve responses) turns into hyperreflexia (overactive nerve responses) and extensor plantar nerve responses[] Hypoxia and low perfusion pressure aggravate damage caused by ischemia.[]

  • Oculomotor Apraxia

    Associations may include perinatal hypoxia, meningitis, periventricular leukomalacia, cerebral palsy, septicemia, anemia, herpes encephalitis, and seizure disorder.[] Distal sensory deficits with lack of sensory nerve action potentials are also present in the lower limbs.[] Such central nervous system insults may include perinatal hypoxia, meningitis, periventricular leukomalacia, cerebral palsy, septicemia, anemia, herpes encephalitis, and seizure[]

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