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36 Possible Causes for Hyporeflexia in the Lower Limbs, Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Physical examination confirmed lower left facial palsy and paresthesia of his extremities with hyporeflexia of his lower limbs and sensory loss of all four extremities.[] Respiratory muscle paralysis. Differential diagnosis Other causes of acute paralysis include: Brain : stroke, brainstem compression, encephalitis.[] Presenting features are variable and may include significant respiratory muscle paralysis, in which case invasive ventilation may be needed.[]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Lower motor neurone signs in the upper limbs (atrophy, hyporeflexia).[] Paralysis Shock As of 2005 in the United States, the most common cause of spinal cord injury is vehicular accidents accounting for more than 40% of cases.[] Spinal Cord injury Levels Spinal Cord Injury Levels Of Function Between C2 & C5: Paralysis of some or all muscles for breathing.[]

  • Poliomyelitis

    The disease is life threatening if paralysis involves the respiratory muscles or muscles of swallowing. Initial urinary retention is common.[] Paralysis of the respiratory muscles can be life-threatening.[] A 44-year-old woman with long-standing common variable immunodeficiency who was receiving intravenous immune globulin suddenly had paralysis of all four limbs and the respiratory[]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    […] weakness is of a lower–motor neuron pattern, with flaccid tone, areflexia, or hyporeflexia.[] […] failure due to respiratory muscle paralysis, and cardiac arrest.[] Respiratory muscle paralysis leading to respiratory failure developed and mechanical ventilatory support was required. The patient made an uneventful recovery.[]

  • Myelopathy

    ), or myelopathy (spasticity and weakness in the lower limbs with or without "numb and clumsy" hands), and supported by appropriate radiological findings.[] Patients with a clinical diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy (pain along the cutaneous distribution of one or more cervical roots, sometimes associated with weakness and hyporeflexia[]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    Lower motor neurone signs in the upper limbs (atrophy, hyporeflexia).[] Inspiratory Strength and Respiratory Complications After SCI Injury Background A spinal cord injury (SCI) often leads to paralysis of respiratory muscles (1), which causes[] Lung volumes Lung function and respiratory muscle pressure-generating capacity change over time, and are correlated with lesion level [ 46, 47 ].[]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    Within days, flaccid limbs become spastic and hyporeflexia (underactive nerve responses) turns into hyperreflexia (overactive nerve responses) and extensor plantar nerve responses[] ) or paraplegia (paralysis of the lower body).[] […] necrosis of tissue in the anterior spinal artery or its branches. [4] It is characterised by pain which radiates at onset and sudden quadraplegia (paralysis of all four limbs[]

  • Food-Borne Botulism

    Without treatment, death results from airway obstruction (paralysis of pharyngeal and upper airway muscles) and respiratory failure (paralysis of diaphragm and accessory breathing[] The first symptoms to appear are ptosis, diplopia, and dysarthria, eventually leading to full-body paralysis, including of the respiratory muscles.[] If not treated, botulism can cause respiratory failure, paralysis, and death.[]

  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    Urinary Retention Hx of rapidly progressive bilateral leg weakness e.g. after a diarrhoea illness 3-4 weeks before Examn: - Lower limb LMN signs Hyporeflexia Flaccid paralysis[] Respiratory muscle paralysis. Differential diagnosis Other causes of acute paralysis include: Brain : stroke, brainstem compression, encephalitis.[] Tendon hyporeflexia in both the upper and lower extremities were observed, and the bilateral Babinski sign was negative.[]

  • Myelitis

    Loss of lower limb power was graded as severe (MRC grade 0–1), moderate (MRC grade II–III), or mild (MRC grade IV or V).[] […] spasms Numbness Pain in the back, extremities, or abdomen Paralysis Paresthesia Respiratory problems Sexual dysfunction Urinary retention The onset of symptoms in transverse[] On the fifth day of onset of symptoms his weakness worsened with additional flaccid paralysis of upper limbs and neck muscles.[]

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