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135 Possible Causes for Hypothyroidism, Microcytic Anemia, Plummer-Vinson Syndrome

  • Iron Deficiency

    Symptoms of iron deficiency include: fatigue dizziness/lightheadedness pallor hair loss twitches irritability weakness pica brittle or grooved nails hair thinning PlummerVinson[en.wikipedia.org] Differentiation from other microcytic anemias Iron deficiency anemia must be differentiated from other microcytic anemias (see table Differential Diagnosis of Microcytic Anemia[merckmanuals.com] Iron deficiency slows your body's thyroid function and blocks its metabolism-boosting effects, according to the National Academy of Hypothyroidism.[huffpost.com]

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Iron deficiency can often times be confused with low thyroid or hypothyroidism. Iron loss can contribute to a multitude of health problems – not just fatigue.[glutenfreesociety.org] The most used name is Plummer-Vinson syndrome, named after Henry Stanley Plummer (1874–1936) and Porter Paisley Vinson (1890–1959) who were physicians on the staff of the[dx.doi.org] Abstract Iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia (IRIDA) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by congenital hypochromic microcytic anemia, low transferrin saturation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    A 92-year-old man with a medical history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypothyroidism, and atrial flutter presented to the emergency department with complaints[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical signs could indicate presence of an underlying condition such as celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, Plummer-Vinson syndrome, and Peutz-Jeghers syndrome[[doi.org] anemia, chronic blood loss Protect airway and give high-flow oxygenInsert 2 large-bore (14-16G) IV cannulate take blood for FBC, U&E, LFT, clotting, cross-match 4-6 units[slideshare.net]

  • Macrocytic Anemia

    […] shortness of breath, weakness, pallor , patients with iron deficiency anemia also show signs of PICA (the urge to eat inedible objects), koilonychia (spooning of nails), Plummer-Vinson[lecturio.com] RESULTS: In part A, ABG was detected in 37.5% of patients with macrocytic and in 19.5% of those with microcytic anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The anemia of hypothyroidism may present with macrocytic indices and this diagnosis should be suspected when this finding is noted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Achlorhydria

    Decreased metabolic rate due to hypothyroidism. Chronic use of antacid medications which decrease the production and transport of gastric acid.[xpertdox.com] RACE Plummer-Vinson syndrome has mainly been described in whites. SEX Plummer-Vinson syndrome is more frequently observed in women.[flipper.diff.org] It has been reported a frequent finding in microcytic anemia, 1, 2 hyperthyroidism 3 and chronic arthritis. 4 For many years dilute hydrochloric acid has been employed in[nejm.org]

  • Microcytic Anemia

    As contrast, he had low end normal ACTH, FSH, total T3, free T3, and estriol; high end normal prolactin (11.71 ng/mL), distinctly implicating hypopituitarism-induced hypothyroidism[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Koilonychia- "spoon nails" [koi-loh-nik-ee-uh] What does Plummer-Vinson Syndrome look like in severe iron deficiency anemia?[quizlet.com] Typical causes of microcytic anemia include: Childhood Iron deficiency anemia, by far the most common cause of anemia in general and of microcytic anemia in particular Thalassemia[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Anemia of Chronic Disease

    The anemia can be secondary to chronic inflammation or infection, neoplasia, liver disease, hyper- or hypoadrenocorticism, or hypothyroidism.[msdvetmanual.com] Rare symptoms & signs: -Glossitis or angular cheilitis -Dysphagia due to esophageal web (Plummer-Vinson syndrome) -Koilonychia; "Spoon" fingernails -Pica -soreness of mouth[quizlet.com] Conclusions: CD should be included in the differential diagnosis of microcytic anemia.[doi.org]

  • Constitutional Anemia due to Iron Metabolism Disorder

    Thyroid disease Hypothyroidism reduces RBC mass and may lead to a normocytic anemia. [50] Occasionally, hypothyroidism may lead to macrocytosis without anemia. [51] Hypothyroidism[emedicine.medscape.com] Kelly syndrome glossitis syndrome Kelly-Paterson syndrome sideropenic nasopharyngopathy syndrome Plummer-Vinson anaemia Brown Kelly-Paterson syndrome postcricoid web Paterson-Kelly[medicbind.com] Novel genetic forms of iron-related microcytic anemia have been identified, due to defects of iron transport/utilization or to TMPRSS6 deficiency and hepcidin hyperproduction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypochromic Microcytic Anemia with Iron Overload Type 2

    Hypothyroidism C. G-6-PD deficiency D.Small cell carcinoma E. Mycoplasma pneumonia[med-ed.virginia.edu] If severe enough, can present with Plummer-Vinson syndrome: microcytic anemia, esophageal webs, and dysphagia.[nextgencombatmedic.com] Causes of Microcytic Anemia Is It Anemia? Is It Microcytic?[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]

  • Hereditary Sideroblastic Anemia

    Iron-deficiency anemia PlummerVinson syndrome Macro-: Identification of a human mitochondrial ABC transporter, the functional orthologue of yeast Atm1p.[pdfoftheworld.us] Hypochromic microcytic anemias include: Iron deficiency anemia: The most common cause of microcytic anemia is an iron deficiency in the blood.[healthline.com] […] tissue Irregular heartbeat Recurring inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart Secondary hypopituitarism (dwarfism) Skin darkening Underactivity of the thyroid gland ( hypothyroidism[diagnose-me.com]

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