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1,662 Possible Causes for Hypoxemia

  • Pneumonia

    Complications Maternal complications of pneumonia include respiratory failure, pulmonary edema, ARDS and hypoxemia.[] Additional tests that may be helpful include pulse oximetry to indicate hypoxemia even in a well appearing pregnant woman.[] Continuous pulse oximetry may be useful along with continuous fetal monitoring for viable fetuses when preterm labor is apparent or maternal hypoxemia has not been corrected[]

  • Viral Lower Respiratory Infection

    This, along with absence of tachypnea and hypoxemia, distinguishes tracheobronchitis from viral or atypical pneumonia.[] Both are typically characterized by diffuse or multifocal crackles or wheezes accompanied by fever, tachypnea, and hypoxemia.[] Once a child presents with symptoms of LRTI—fever, cough, reduced energy or oral intake, and some degree of respiratory distress and/or hypoxemia—the first step toward diagnosis[]

  • Pharyngitis

    However, hypoxemia, hypotension and\or significant tachypnea are not and suggests another process may be present.[]

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    Laryngotracheitis Hospitalization may be necessary in patients with laryngotracheitis, especially in infants and young children who have hypoxemia, volume depletion, a risk[]

  • Influenza

    Patients appear severely ill, with productive bloody cough, hypoxemia, an elevated white blood cell (WBC) count, and multiple cavitary infiltrates on chest radiography. [33[]

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Often the immediate cause is respiratory failure due to hypoxemia, right-heart failure, a heart attack, blood clot (embolism) in the lungs, stroke, or lung infection brought[] Oxygen therapy is suggested for patients with hypoxemia. Immunization against influenza virus and pneumococcus is important to prevent complications.[] Prescribe oxygen therapy in patients with hypoxemia at rest or with exercise (partial pressure of oxygen [PaO 2 ] 55 mmHg or an oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry [SpO 2[]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    Supplemental oxygen is used to treat hypoxemia (too little oxygen in the blood) and has been shown to reduce mortality in chronic bronchitis patients.[] […] inflammation of the small airways — asthma or bronchiolitis — which typically presents as progressive cough accompanied by wheezing, tachypnea, respiratory distress, and hypoxemia[] Supplemental oxygen is prescribed for patients with low arterial blood-oxygen levels (hypoxemia), and antibiotics are often given for significant acute exacerbations.[]

  • Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome

    While healthy people can tolerate the lower arterial oxygen tension at this pressure, those with respiratory disease may develop severe hypoxemia.[] […] to Carbon Dioxide Mechanical Impedance to Breathing Clinical Hypercapnia (see Hypercapnia , [[Hypercapnia]]) Hypoxemia (see Hypoxemia , [[Hypoxemia]]) Obstructive Sleep Apnea[] Pickwickian syndrome , or obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) , comprises the triad of obesity (BMI 30 kg/m2), daytime hypoventilation (awake hypercapnia and hypoxemia)[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    In the case of refractory hypoxemia, the usual adjunctive therapeutics can be used: NO, prone position, HFO ventilation, almitrine infusion.[] This leads to reduced diffusing capacity, shortness of breath and hypoxemia.[] By expert consensus, ARDS is defined by three categories based on the degrees of hypoxemia ( Table 322-2 ).[]

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    Hypoxemia is common. Therapy Milwaukee brace controls moderate deformities.[] The majority of the patients (n 28) who had abnormal PAP had hypoxemia (PaO 2 /FiO 2 300) [ 9 ].[] Commonly the other listed options are needed to correct atelectasis or hypoxemia and to help remove retained secretions.[]

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