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406 Possible Causes for Hypoxia, Pallor, Plethora

  • Polycythemia Vera

    While hypoxia has been demonstrated in some patients with polycythemia vera (4-6) it has been attributed in these instances to co-existent cardiorespiratory disease (1, 6)[annals.org] The symptoms are burning pain in the feet, hands, toes and fingers, sometimes associated with pallor, erythema, or cyanosis. Occasionally, it progresses to gangrene.[symptoma.com] PV is also associated with a plethora of symptoms that are poorly controlled by conventional therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    As well, the infant from the high altitude area showed better adaptability to hypoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] wheezing S 3 gallop and/or pulsus alternans Increased intensity of P 2 heart sound Hepatojugular reflux Ascites, hepatomegaly, and/or anasarca Central or peripheral cyanosis, pallor[emedicine.com] The last decade has seen a plethora of randomised controlled trials developed worldwide, which have generated conflicting results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Asthma

    Vasoconstriction due to alveolar hypoxia also contributes to this mismatch. Vasoconstriction is also considered an adaptive response to ventilation/perfusion mismatch.[emedicine.medscape.com] A plethora of traditional narrative review articles and case studies have been published and postulate that (chiropractic and osteopathic) manipulative techniques aim to increase[doi.org] Factors that might set the stage for asthma development There is a plethora of hazards suspected to promote childhood asthma, including findings in the neonate and parental[doi.org]

  • Myeloproliferative Disease

    Secondary PolycythemiaSecondary PolycythemiaAppropriate EPO (tissue/kidney hypoxia)Appropriate EPO (tissue/kidney hypoxia)pulmonary diseasepulmonary diseasehigh altitudehigh[slideshare.net] […] stupor from leukostasis Left upper quadrant and left shoulder pain as a consequence of splenic infarction and perisplenitis Clinical symptoms can include the following: Pallor[emedicine.com] Overproduction occurs in hypoxia (eg, pulmonary disease, high altitude, smoking-related carboxyhemoglobin, cyanotic cardiac disease, and methemoglobinemia), tumors (eg, kidney[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Sickle Cell Crisis

    Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor and mitogen secreted in response to hypoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pallor. First aid treatment for a sickle cell crisis Provide reassurance Contact medical help - the patient may know the details of who to contact during a crisis.[firstaidforfree.com] As with any other chronic, and often debilitating, illness, patients face a plethora of social problems that greatly influence their clinical condition (Whitten and Fischhoff[sickle.bwh.harvard.edu]

  • Bronchiectasis

    Often times, patients will also present with muscular dysfunction due to inflammation, gas exchange abnormalities, inactivity, malnutrition, hypoxia and medications [9] .[physio-pedia.com] Cyanosis, plethora, wasting, weight loss, nasal polyps, and signs of chronic sinusitis may be present.[web.archive.org] […] normally a low-pressure, high- compliance system  In COPD- decreased compliance - increase in pulmonary vascular resistance - pulmonary hypertension  Acidosis, sepsis, hypoxia[slideshare.net]

  • Familial Polycythemia

    So periodic hypoxia in long term can induce erythropoietin production causing polycythemia[16].[explainmedicine.com] Physical examination reveals pallor and an enlarged spleen, palpable 12 cm below the left costal margin.[drsami.com] Clinical manifestations relate to the erythrocytosis and can include plethora, the hyperviscosity syndrome (headache, dizziness, fatigue, lassitude, visual and auditory disturbances[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

    The physiological mechanisms that may factor in the development of ischemic stroke in patients with IDA include thrombocytosis, hypercoagulable state, and anemic hypoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 19-month-old girl with a history of asthma and atopic dermatitis presented to her pediatrician because of parental concerns of pallor and fatigue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Don’t get baffled by the plethora options in the market for osteoarthritis.[consumerhealthdigest.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    RESULTS: Compared with control subjects, numerous hypoxia-related genes were up-regulated in patients with acute HAPE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] seen during the exam include: Leg or abdominal swelling Abnormalities of your neck veins (which can show that there is too much fluid in your body) Pale or blue skin color (pallor[medlineplus.gov] Pulmonary vascular plethora often occurs with upper lobe blood diversion in cardiogenic cases; vessels of the upper lobe are balanced to cephalic in fluid overload but are[emedicine.com]

  • Heart Failure

    Carotid artery changes were examined during the first period of hypoxia, and brachial artery changes were examined during the second period of hypoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] report is intended to sensitise pediatricians to consider systemic vasculitis with pulmonary hemorrhage in children with pulmonary hypertension even in the absence of severe pallor[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although there is a plethora of evidence in well‐resourced, high‐income countries, consideration should be given to more studies undertaken in low‐ and middle‐income nations[doi.org]

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