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4,940 Possible Causes for Hypoxia, PaO2 Decreased, Small Testicular Volume

  • Sarcoidosis

    Computed tomography detected a nodule in the middle lobe of the right lung, multiple small volume nodes in the retrocaval and left para-aortic regions, and enlarged bilateral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Scrotal ultrasonography demonstrated multiple bilateral hypoechoic testicular lesions that were of similar size and distributed unusually throughout the testicular parenchyma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] external iliac and inguinal nodes, similar to those found in metastatic testicular cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atelectasis

    .  Pulse oximetry: (SpO2) (less than 90%) or a (PaO2).  Physical examination: Decreased breath sounds and crackles are heard over the affected area. 13.[slideshare.net] OBJECTIVE: Role of the atelectasis (hypoxia) in the respiratory system of the live and exited newborn (250 up to 3000 g. of body weight), which has died due to different causes[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Atelectasis was measured by lung density measurements, in Hounsfield units, with computed tomography scans, decreased PaO2 levels (partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Morbid Obesity

    Linezolid serum concentrations were obtained and vancomycin was reinstituted, after which the patient began to improve (afebrile, improving PaO2/FiO2 ratio, decreasing leukocytosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The risk of postoperative hypoxia is increased by preoperative hypoxia and by any surgery involving the thorax or abdomen.[openanesthesia.org] This can cause ventilation-perfusion mismatch, right-to-left shunting and arterial hypoxia. Dead space is unchanged.[openanesthesia.org]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Asthma

    Vasoconstriction due to alveolar hypoxia also contributes to this mismatch. Vasoconstriction is also considered an adaptive response to ventilation/perfusion mismatch.[emedicine.medscape.com] In the early stages, when ventilation-perfusion mismatch results in hypoxia, hypercarbia is prevented by the ready diffusion of carbon dioxide across alveolar capillary membranes[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Presence of chronic hypoxia or cor pulmonale.[patient.info] Because of low cardiac output, however, the rest of the body suffers from tissue hypoxia and pulmonary cachexia.[emedicine.com] The respiratory drive is normally largely initiated by PaCO 2 but in COPD hypoxia can be a strong driving force, which can therefore be reduced if the hypoxia is corrected[patient.info]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Preeclampsia

    FIO2 and concomitant decreases in peak inspiratory pressure and PaCO2.67,70 A prospective observational study of ketamine (loading dose 1 mg/kg followed by infusion of 0.75[rc.rcjournal.com] Findings in preeclampsia were corroborated in a murine model of pharmacological hypoxia using FG-4592.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Preeclampsia affects 5% of all pregnancies and is a serious disorder of pregnancy, characterised by high maternal blood pressure, placental hypoxia, fluid retention (oedema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    (a decreased PaO2/FiO2 ratio indicates reduced arterial oxygenation from the available inhaled gas): · mild ARDS: 201 - 300 mmHg ( 39.9 kPa) · moderate ARDS: 101 - 200 mmHg[faron.com] Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a syndrome of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and hypoxia that accompanies up to 30% of deaths in pediatric intensive care units[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On day one of treatment, nitric oxide increased the ratio of partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2 ratio) (13%, 4% to 23%) and decreased the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Chronic Bronchitis

    88-92% (PaO2 of 60-70).[clinicaladvisor.com] […] do not initiate chronic bronchitis Often diagnosed at time of acute respiratory illness ( Prim Care Respir J 2010;19:371 ) More infections, purulent sputum, hypercapnia, hypoxia[pathologyoutlines.com] Subjective dyspnea results from chest pain or tightness with breathing, not from hypoxia. Signs are often absent but may include scattered rhonchi and wheezing.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

    Hypoxia, wheezing, stridor, nasal flaring and chest wall in-drawing had sensitivities ranging from 8 to 31 %, but had specificities 75 %.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Characterised by cough, wheeze, respiratory distress, and hypoxia. Most episodes are mild and self-limiting.[bestpractice.bmj.com] The alternative case definition (cough or difficulty breathing plus hypoxia, in-drawing, or wheeze) had a sensitivity of [55 %, 95 % CI (50-59)] and a specificity of [60 %[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    As well, the infant from the high altitude area showed better adaptability to hypoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] vera, thyrotoxicosis CHF precipitants Alcohol, cor pulmonale, drug-related–inappropriate medications, non-compliance, fluid and/or sodium intake, fever, hypothyroidism, hypoxia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Dyspnea Loop diuretics with or without thiazides 60 Inotropes 64 Oxygen (without hypoxia) 69 Benzodiazepines 70 Acupuncture/ acupressure 67 Nitrates 61 Aquapheresis (if diuretic[doi.org]

    Missing: Small Testicular Volume

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