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98 Possible Causes for Hypoxia, Rales, Reversible Airway Obstruction

  • Asthma

    Vasoconstriction due to alveolar hypoxia also contributes to this mismatch. Vasoconstriction is also considered an adaptive response to ventilation/perfusion mismatch.[emedicine.medscape.com] Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a relatively common condition that is characterized by at least partially reversible inflammation of the airways and reversible airway obstruction due to airway[radiopaedia.org]

  • Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis

    Decreased vital capacity without obstructive signs, decreased diffusing capacity, hypoxia with hyperventilation, increasing BSR, and positive CRP were common findings among[doi.org] Your provider may hear abnormal lung sounds called crackles (rales) when listening to your chest with a stethoscope.[nlm.nih.gov] Acute cases with respiratory distress may require emergency medical attention, with the administration of oxygen to treat hypoxia, if present.[news-medical.net]

  • Bronchiolitis

    KEYWORDS: bronchiolitis; fever; hypoxia; imaging; infant; radiography[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On days 3 to 5, the following symptoms develop: tachypnea, wheezing, rales, and signs of respiratory distress (eg, grunting, nasal flaring, inter-/subcostal retractions).[mdedge.com] Although it is true that a small subset of children with bronchiolitis may have reversible airway obstruction resulting from smooth muscle constriction, attempts to define[doi.org]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Presence of chronic hypoxia or cor pulmonale.[patient.info] Chest auscultation revealed decreased breath sounds without rales.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Out of all respiratory diseases COPD is the leading cause of death and is characterized with diffuse non-reversible airway obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    RESULTS: Compared with control subjects, numerous hypoxia-related genes were up-regulated in patients with acute HAPE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the patient developed pink frothy sputum with diffuse bilateral rales 30 min later after transported to surgical intensive care unit (SICU).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Status Asthmaticus

    Ubiquitously present in healthy humans, these pathways are recruited in experimental conditions by exercise, hypoxia, and catecholamines and have been previously shown to[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Classical signs of consolidation such as egophony, rales, whispered pectoriloquy, dullness to percussion or bronchial breath sounds might be heard.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment goals • Reverse airway obstruction • Correct Hypoxemia • Prevent or treat complications like pneumothorax and respiratory arrest 4. Etiology 5.[de.slideshare.net]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    As well, the infant from the high altitude area showed better adaptability to hypoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] No rales were detected because of its paucity of fibrous components in the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with asthma and reversible airway obstruction were excluded from the trials of beta blockers in heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bronchiectasis

    Often times, patients will also present with muscular dysfunction due to inflammation, gas exchange abnormalities, inactivity, malnutrition, hypoxia and medications [9] .[physio-pedia.com] Chest auscultation revealed scattered coarse rales.[doi.org] […] corticosteroids if reversible airway obstruction is present Antibiotics and bronchodilators for acute exacerbations Sometimes surgical resection for localized disease with[merckmanuals.com]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    KEYWORDS: hypoxia; intrapulmonary vascular shunt; liver disease; portal hypertension [Indexed for MEDLINE] Free full text[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.8 Pharyngolaryngeal pain 1 Risk Ratio (M‐H, Fixed, 95% CI) 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.9 Productive cough 1 Risk Ratio (M‐H, Fixed, 95% CI) 0.0 [0.0, 0.0] 13.10 Rales[doi.org] Regular aerobic exercise is recommended; it may also help airway clearance. For patients with reversible airway obstruction, bronchodilators may be given by inhalation.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Pneumoconiosis

    Chronic and intermittent hypoxia could be the contributing factors of these findings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] result of long-term exposure. (2,4,5,7,8) The clinical profile of giant cell pneumonia includes dyspnea on exertion, hypoxemia, cough, weight loss, fatigue, wheezing and rales[scielo.br] Farming and the prevalence of non-reversible airways obstruction: results from a population-based study. Am J Ind Med 50:421-426 17497693.[ehp.niehs.nih.gov]

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