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302 Possible Causes for Hypoxia, T Cell Activation Increased, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Asthma

    There are increased numbers of activated eosinophils, CD25-positive T lymphocytes, and immature macrophages with the phenotypic characteristics of blood monocytes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Vasoconstriction due to alveolar hypoxia also contributes to this mismatch. Vasoconstriction is also considered an adaptive response to ventilation/perfusion mismatch.[emedicine.medscape.com] (a) The chest x-ray shows an abnormal distension of the fundus of the stomach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Cytokines are secreted from the stimulated Tcells to further increase immune activity.[doi.org] Presence of chronic hypoxia or cor pulmonale.[patient.info] Chest CT may reveal abnormalities that are not apparent on the chest x-ray and may also suggest coexisting or complicating disorders, such as pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, or[merckmanuals.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    […] inflammatory markers such as CRP and IL-18, enhances the cytotoxic T-cell activity, and increases the immune stimulation by reducing the expression of T-cells implicated[care.diabetesjournals.org] 10 minutes of hypoxia and a sustained activation that starts after two hours of hypoxia. 113 In this model, ERK2 and JNK are not activated.[dx.doi.org] This patient had a clear history of carbon monoxide poisoning, acute respiratory distress, bilateral lung dry and moist rale, chest X-ray showed bilateral pulmonary edema,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Role of T and B Cells in ARDS After APC activation, the cells recruit circulating T and B cells to cause inflammatory cascades.[mdpi.com] Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a syndrome of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and hypoxia that accompanies up to 30% of deaths in pediatric intensive care units[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest X-rays showed abnormalities in 60–100% of the patients [ 16 ].[em-consulte.com]

  • Pulmonary Hypertension

    Previous studies suggested that heightened expression of the transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells c2 (NFATc2) ( 108 ), which is associated with activated[doi.org] […] hypertension on chronic exposure to hypoxia.[doi.org] One or more of the following tests may be done if pulmonary hypertension is suspected: A chest x-ray may show heart enlargement and abnormal lung vessels.[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Allergic Asthma

    It is associated with increased IgE, mast cell activation, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), mucus overproduction and remodeling of the airways.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Previously, this pathological trait has been associated with T helper type 2 (Th2) cells.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    PubMed Google Scholar Kotani I, Sato A, Hayakawa H, Urano T, Takada Y, Takada A: Increased procoagulant and antifibrinolytic activities in the lungs with idiopathic pulmonary[respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com] VEGF-A receptors and co-receptors were differentially expressed by hypoxia and hyperoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After detection of lung fibrosis in chest X-ray, he was put on the antioxidant and immunosuppressive therapy, but expired almost 20 h after admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Interstitial Lung Disease

    Worsening hypoxia and respiratory failure may develop with disease progression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] B-cell aggregates, activated T-cells and mature dendritic cells have been reported in the IPF lung, increasing the likelihood of antigen presentation activity [ 52, 53 ].[err.ersjournals.com] If there are risk factors for ILD or abnormal X-ray findings, your doctor will likely perform a high resolution CT.[arthritis.org]

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    Patients with typical bacterial community-acquired pneumonia will have fever (80%), tachypnea (70%), and tachycardia (70%); they may also present with hypoxia.[clinicaladvisor.com] […] called resident memory T (TRM) cells.[news-medical.net] A chest X-ray can help identify which part of the patient's lung is infected. An X-ray also can show abnormal fluid collections which also can help diagnose pneumonia.[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Phenotypes include augmented IgE production in response to pathogens, altered Ca2 flux in response to T-cell receptor activation, and increased IL-13 secretion. [ PMC free[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: hypoxia; intrapulmonary vascular shunt; liver disease; portal hypertension [Indexed for MEDLINE] Free full text[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was seen in the emergency department and chest x-rays showed no abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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