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208 Possible Causes for Hypoxia, Tetanus, Trismus

  • Tetanus

    Uncorrected episodes of hypoxia (lack of oxygen) caused by muscle spasms in the throat may lead to irreversible brain damage.[] When a patient presents with trismus and paralysis of one or more cranial nerves, cephalic tetanus should be included in the differential diagnosis.[] Tetanus is also referred to as “lockjaw”.Cause The bacteria known as Clostridium tetani cause tetanus.[]

  • Strychnine Poisoning

    Chest wall rigidity leads to respiratory failure, and ultimately hypoxia and multiple organ dysfunction.[] BACKGROUND: In 1933 in Leon, Nicaragua, a 22-year-old woman died after an acute convulsive illness in which she experienced trismus, opisthotonos, and hyperpyrexia.[] How is strychnine poisoning different from tetanus? Tetanus inhibits glycine release from nerve endings, while strychnine inhibits glycine binding to its receptor.[]

  • Periapical Abscess

    Rise in pressure due to inflammatory exudate local collapse of venous part of circulation Tissue hypoxia & anoxia Destruction of pulp & abscess formation.[] […] and on biting, intense, throbbing pain which disturbs sleep sensitivity to food and drink that is very hot or very cold, fever difficulty in opening your mouth (known as trismus[] Tetanus in the emergency department: a current review. J Emerg Med. 2001;20:357–65. 15. Scott J, Burke FJ, Watts DC.[]

  • Tetanus Neonatorum

    […] tetanus neonatorum is 3 to 10 days, but most newborns develop it at the end of their first week of life, when they present with irritability, feeding difficulties due to trismus[] […] respiratory complication of the disease.(11-14) Respiratory failure may occur as a result of muscle rigidity and reflex muscle spasm that characterizes the disease or secondary to hypoxia[] It appears that the course of the disease remains unaltered with intrathecal tetanus antitoxin in tetanus neonatorum.[]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    Bjertnaes LJ (1977) Hypoxia induced vasoconstriction in isolated perfused lungs exposed to injectable or inhalational anaeshtetics.[] The most common spasms occur in the muscle of the jaw, and the first sign of the illness often is stiffness of the jaw, or trismus.[] Light et al published the first report of NMBA effects in ARDS,(5) demonstrating that pancuronium boluses diminished hypoxia and cerebral damage, as well as lowered inspiratory[]

  • Ludwig's Angina

    Secretions are suctioned as necessary to prevent accumulation and hypoxia. Characteristics of secretions are also assessed to determine infection.[] A 24-year old black female was admitted at 26 weeks gestation with tooth pain, submandibular swelling, severe trismus, and dysphagea, consistent with Ludwig's angina.[] The Community-as-Pathogen Concept Pathogenicity has traditionally been assumed on the basis of “guilt by association,” and some classic diseases, such as tetanus, gonorrhea[]

  • Extrapulmonary Alveolar Hypoventilation

    Favorite Patients with unexplained hypoxia. Patients with hypoxia exceeding the degree of their clinical illness.[] […] phrenic nerve Neoplasm Below T5, abdominal activity diminished, impaired force expiration Hemorrhage Syrinx Infarct Transverse myelitis Tetanus [ 51 ] Intense muscle spasms Trismus[] […] dysfunction – increase cytosolic NADH – block gluconeogenesis and fatty acid oxidation – shunt pyruvate to lactate – cause fatty liver and lactic acidosis # Definition – Hypoxia[]

  • Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva

    Cellular Hypoxia Promotes Heterotopic Ossification by Amplifying BMP Signaling. J Bone Miner Res. 2016 Sep;31(9):1652-65.[] However, there are very few reports of trismus due to fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) following third molar surgery.[] We report the case of 3-year-old girl with dysplasia of the first metatarsal bones and progressive heterotopic ossificans of the right thigh due to previous diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis[]

  • Retropharyngeal Abscess

    To void prolonged hypoxia, emergency airway was secured with No. 5 uncuffed tracheostomy tube by the ENT surgeon, which was present at the scene.[] The presenting symptoms, for all patients, were fever, odynophagia, torticollis, and trismus, and the clinical examination showed bulging of the posterior wall of the oropharynx[] […] musculature high fever trismus (aka lockjaw; persistent contraction of masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often the initial manifestation of generalized tetanus[]

  • Tricho-Retino-Dento-Digital Syndrome

    […] antenatal infection Triose phosphate-isomerase deficiency Triphalangeal thumb non opposable Triphalangeal thumb polysyndactyly syndrome Triphalangeal thumbs brachyectrodactyly Trismus[] […] keratitis *corneitis 【角膜潰瘍】*corneal ulcer *keratohelcosis 【角膜拡張症】*keratectasia 【角膜強膜炎】*keratoscleritis 【角膜結膜炎】*keratoconjunctivitis 【角膜混濁】*corneal clouding 【角膜酸素不足】*corneal hypoxia[] […] joint dysfunction (TMJ) Temtamy–Shalash syndrome TEN Ter–Tet Ter Haar–Hamel–Hendricks syndrome Ter Haar syndrome Teratocarcinosarcoma Teratoma Testes neoplasm Testotoxicosis Tetanus[]

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