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31 Possible Causes for Immunodeficiency Is Progressive, Moderate Hypoxemia

  • Anemia

    […] from HIV infection to autoimmune immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with a correlation between CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and Hb levels. 7,16 The causes of anemia in HIV/AIDS[] […] virus (HIV)–infected patients can have serious implications, which vary from functional and quality-of-life decrements to an association with disease progression and decreased[] […] antiretroviral therapy (HAART). 7 Anemia still occurs at high rates when HIV therapy regimens include zidovudine (AZT). 7 The incidence of anemia increases with disease progression[]

  • Pneumonia

    Common symptoms of PCP include progressive shortness of breath, nonproductive cough, and low‐grade fever.[] The presence of moderate hypoxemia (oxygen saturation 96%; LR, 2.8 [95% CI, 2.1-3.6]; sensitivity, 64%; specificity, 77%) and increased work of breathing (grunting, flaring[] Symptomatic, tissue invasive disease is rare and limited to immunocompromised individuals, mainly patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) before immune[]

  • Interstitial Lung Disease

    A 61-year-old woman presented with longstanding cough and progressive dyspnoea.[] When compared with healthy control individuals, the body mass index of patients with CF with moderate to severe lung disease did not correlate with exercise-induced hypoxemia[] She underwent an extensive evaluation and was diagnosed with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) with granulomatous lymphocytic interstitial lung disease (GLILD).[]

  • Thrombocytopenia

    Patients with Chédiak-Higashi syndrome have severe immunodeficiency due to abnormal lymphocyte lytic granules and progressive neurologic degeneration.[] We made this judgment on the basis of normal MPVs and good responses to platelet transfusions. (2) The low platelet counts are associated with intrauterine hypoxemia (elevated[] […] pathology that creates fetal growth restriction, not the pathology that produces preeclampsia without fetal growth restriction. (3) The thrombocytopenia is typically only moderately[]

  • Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

    […] and progressive neurological impairment.[] A diffusing capacity corrected for level of hemoglobin was moderately reduced at 48% predicted.[] Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare autosomal recessive, multisystem, neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by oculocutaneous telangiectasias, variable immunodeficiency[]

  • Secondary Pulmonary Interstitial Fibrosis

    […] spread after primary infection - cavitation, tuberculous pneumonia, or miliary TB - seen in infants / children and immunodeficient adults Secondary (Reactivation) Pulmonary[] Hypoxemia in the CPFE syndrome is generally moderate or above at rest and gets worse during exercise ( 49 ).[] Ghon focus) - enlarged caseous lymph node that drains parenchymal lesion Control of infection via cell mediated immunity, lesion becomes fibrotic / calcifies - asymptomatic Progressive[]

  • Bronchiolitis

    History of underlying conditions, such as prematurity, cardiac disease, chronic pulmonary disease, immunodeficiency, or episodes of previous wheezing, should be identified[] Respiratory Rate Normal Increased respiratory rate Tracheal tug Nasal flaring Marked increase or decrease Tracheal tug Nasal flaring Accessory Muscle Use None or minimal Moderate[] A recent trial has called into question the role of mild hypoxemia in driving unnecessary hospitalizations.[]

  • Hepatopulmonary Syndrome

    Clinical progression of hepatitis C virus-related chronic liver disease in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy.[] […] versus mild to moderate hypoxemia seen in restrictive disease Normal to low pulmonary artery pressures as opposed to portopulmonary hypertension Vascular anomalies without[] Diagnosis of HPS is based on the presence of an obvious liver disease, moderate to severe dyspnea, severe hypoxemia and cyanosis.[]

  • Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension

    These include collagen vascular diseases, chronic thromboembolism, human immunodeficiency virus, portopulmonary hypertension, and other diseases.[] These patients have a distinctive pattern of cardiopulmonary abnormalities with mild to moderate airway obstruction, severe hypoxemia, hypocapnia, and a very low diffusing[] Progression of SPAH may persist despite stabilization of the causative disease, thereby contributing to the poor quality of life and unfavorable survival in these patients[]

  • Central Sleep Apnea

    […] cardiac failure and recurrent infections secondary to the associated combined immunodeficiency. 1 Sleep abnormalities in Vici syndrome remain to be elucidated.[] Intermittent hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation: associations with daytime alertness in obese sleep apnea patients living at moderate altitude.[] […] with Vici syndrome and with confirmed EPG5 mutations, only half of them were alive at the time of the last follow-up. 1 The most common identifiable causes of death were progressive[]

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