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432 Possible Causes for Impaired Exercise Tolerance, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, S3 Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The impairment of exercise tolerance indicated by NYHA classification was markedly improved by PD for both groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[web.archive.org] Numerous mechanisms unrelated to hemodynamic dysfunction may underlie impaired exercise tolerance in patients with chronic heart failure.[doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[emedicine.com] […] apical impulse (less common) Normal first heart sound; second heart sound usually is normally split but is paradoxically split in some patients with severe outflow gradients; S3[emedicine.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    The cardinal manifestations of HF are dyspnea and fatigue, which may limit exercise tolerance, and fluid retention, which may lead to pulmonary congestion and peripheral edema[circ.ahajournals.org] Definition of HF Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the ventricle[circ.ahajournals.org] Both abnormalities can impair the functional capacity and quality of life of affected individuals, but they do not necessarily dominate the clinical picture at the same time[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Noncompaction of the left ventricle is a descriptive anatomical term and recently recognized primary cardiomyopathy. Cardiac imaging now allows for prompt detection. The specific etiology remains poorly understood, however, and the major genetic determinants are unknown. This review describes[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Even though alcoholism is a major health concern, alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a little-known pathology. The exact prevalence remains elusive (20-40% of dilated cardiomyopathy). However, it can lead to dilated cardiomyopathy, heart failure and refractory cardiogenic shock. The literature on cardiogenic shock in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[thepermanentejournal.org] […] or S4 gallop JVD Evaluation Echocardiogram Treatment Nonpharmacologic bed rest Na restriction Pharmacologic digoxin diuretics ACE inhibitors (once fetus has been delivered[step2.medbullets.com] Case 1 illustrates a typical PPCM presentation, with gestational hypertension, S3 gallop, hypoxia, an elevated BNP level, cardiomegaly, and pulmonary congestion on chest radiographs[thepermanentejournal.org]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    As AS severity increases, the findings of systolic heart failure may become more prominent, including an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged[doi.org]

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome

    Acute coronary syndrome ( ACS ) is a syndrome (set of signs and symptoms ) due to decreased blood flow in the coronary arteries such that part of the heart muscle is unable to function properly or dies. [1] The most common symptom is chest pain, often radiating to the left shoulder [2] or angle of the jaw,[…][en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Acute Myocarditis

    The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness