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168 Possible Causes for Increased Abdominal Girth, Liver Cirrhosis

  • Ascites

    Pathogenesis of ascites in patients with liver cirrhosis 2.1.[intechopen.com] A 65-year-old man with a history of myocardial infarction is admitted for decreased exercise tolerance, increased abdominal girth, and ankle edema.[jamaevidence.mhmedical.com] Patients can complain of increasing abdominal girth, generalized abdominal pain and shortness of breath.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]

  • Budd-Chiari Syndrome

    Chronic Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare cause of liver cirrhosis (LC) and tends to be misdiagnosed in clinical practice.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 14-year-old boy presented with several months of increasing abdominal girth and fatigue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Therefore, considering preserved liver function and severe portal hypertension, diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome with subsequent development of liver cirrhosis was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tuberculous Peritonitis

    We report a case of tuberculous peritonitis in a patient with concomitant HIV infection and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report the case of an 81-year-old man diagnosed with liver cirrhosis complicated by spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and septic shock.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Disease histories included end-stage renal disease (20.9%), pulmonary tuberculosis (36.0%) and liver cirrhosis (23.7%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lipodystrophy

    Progressive accumulation of fat in the liver can cause scarring and damage to the liver (cirrhosis) and, eventually, liver dysfunction.[rarediseases.org] From January 1998 through September 2000, he gained 12 kg, but he noted loss of fat and bulging veins in his arms and legs, along with an increase in abdominal girth, which[cid.oxfordjournals.org] Other manifestations may include complications of diabetes, recurrent acute pancreatitis and liver steatohepatitis or cirrhosis.[orpha.net]

  • Erythropoietic Protoporphyria

    cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laparoscopic findings obtained after the attack subsided were compatible with porphyric liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Liver cirrhosis in erythropoietic protoporphyria: improvement of liver function with ursodeoxycholic acid. Am J Gastroenterol. 2001; 96 :3468–3469. [ PubMed ] 40.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Generalized Lipodystrophy

    Hypertriglyceridemia, liver cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, as well as cardiovascular complications are frequently observed.[symptoma.com] Fat accumulation in the liver (known as fatty liver or hepatic steatosis) may eventually cause scarring and damage to the liver (cirrhosis) and liver dysfunction.[rarediseases.org] This present case suggests that extensive fatty infiltration and subsequent cirrhosis of the liver may be the earliest complication of CGL.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    Many patients with liver cirrhosis will eventually decompensate and the treatment is liver transplantation.[symptoma.com] This may be visible as an increase in abdominal girth. [15] Fetor hepaticus is a musty breath odor resulting from increased dimethyl sulfide . [16] Jaundice , or icterus is[en.wikipedia.org] Furthermore, when we limited liver cirrhosis patients to those with decompensated liver cirrhosis, the relative mortality of decompensated liver cirrhosis was even greater[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chylous Ascites

    Neoplasia, cardiac disease and liver cirrhosis were excluded after an extensive diagnostic workout.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Individuals with the abovementioned surgeries may present postoperatively with an increase in abdominal girth, weight gain, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, wound infection, or[sjkdt.org] Five years prior he was diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver due to alcohol.[revistagastroenterologiamexico.org]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Esophageal variceal bleeding caused by portal hypertension is massive and life-threatening to those patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although ACS is a clinical diagnosis, at times the diagnosis is suggested on CT in patients who exhibit the “round-belly sign”, defined as abdominal distension with an increased[pancreapedia.org] The presence of liver abnormalities characteristic for cirrhosis (caudate lobe hypertrophy, lobularity of liver contour, venous collaterals, splenomegaly) may, however, suggest[pancreapedia.org]

  • Gaucher Disease

    The study included 42 patients with Gaucher disease type I and 33 patients with liver cirrhosis as well as 22 healthy volunteers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] While hepatic involvement is common in Gaucher disease, its severity, and clinical significance span a wide spectrum, ranging from sub-clinical involvement to liver cirrhosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examples are bone infarctions, a completely fibrous spleen, established pulmonary hypertension or liver cirrhosis.[haematologica.org]

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