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37 Possible Causes for Increased Ankle Reflex, Leg Cramp, Muscle Tenderness

  • Tetanus

    Tetanus causes cramping of the muscles in the neck, arms, leg and stomach, and painful convulsions which can be severe enough to break bones.[health.gov.on.ca]

  • Graves Disease

    Muscle wasting may also occur in glucocorticoid deficiency. Thyroid gland, neck and nodes A Graves' gland will typically be diffusely and modestly enlarged.[endobible.com] It may also be warm, minimally tender and with an audible bruit in very active disease. First inspect the neck from the front and ask the patient to swallow.[endobible.com]

  • Myelopathy

    , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] You may feel them in your legs or feet. Compression in your lower back can cause pain and cramping in your legs.[arcticspine.com] This includes: How well you can bend your neck and roll your head in all directions How well you can twist your neck If there is tenderness around the neck If there are muscle[umm.edu]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] This includes: How well you can bend your neck and roll your head in all directions How well you can twist your neck If there is tenderness around the neck If there are muscle[umm.edu] cramping, or weakness in the arms, hands, or legs Loss of sensation in the feet Trouble with hand coordination "Foot drop," weakness in a foot that causes a limp Loss of sexual[saintlukeshealthsystem.org]

  • Sciatica

    A neurological examination showed paresis of the right quadriceps, tibial and sural muscles, increased bilateral knee and ankle reflexes and positive Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It consists of leg pain, which might feel like a bad leg cramp, or it can be excruciating, shooting pain that makes standing or sitting nearly impossible.[my.clevelandclinic.org] There may be tenderness and muscle spasm in the lower back with trigger points and tenderness in the buttock muscles.[sportsinjuryclinic.net]

  • Paraparesis

    Spastic weakness is characterized by increased muscle stretch reflexes, strong leg recoil to a sudden intense pull, and sustained ankle clonus.[pediatricneuro.com] Reflexes become exaggerated, and leg cramps, twitches, and spasms occur, making leg movements stiff and jerky (called a spastic gait).[msdmanuals.com] The weak muscles and tender joints as a result of paraparesis may be alleviated in warm water.[doctorshealthpress.com]

  • Narrow Cervical Spinal Canal

    Symptoms of myelopathy must be identified so that referral on to a medical specialist can be made, for this it is important to consider: Hyper-reflexia: Increased reflexes[physio-pedia.com] Lumbar Canal Stenosis Pain in the lower back Numbness or tingling in the low back, buttocks, and legs Neurogenic claudication – muscle cramps and weakness in the legs when[promedspine.com] This includes: How well you can bend your neck and roll your head in all directions How well you can twist your neck If there is tenderness around the neck If there are muscle[umm.edu]

  • Hypothyroidism

    Signs may include delayed relaxation of the ankle reflex and a slow heart beat.[en.wikipedia.org] Decreased concentration Muscle cramps Vague aches and pains Hypothyroidism is a very common thyroid disease.[medicinenet.com] Muscle weakness. Muscle aches, cramps, tenderness, or stiffness. Increased sensitivity to cold. Constipation. Pale, dry skin. Puffy face. Hoarse voice.[familydoctor.org]

  • Hashimoto Thyroiditis

    Reflexes Tired, Aching Muscles Weak, Brittle Nails Weight Gain There are also other, less frequent symptoms, including increased blood pressure and excess earwax.[thescienceofeating.com] tenderness and induration and rarely hypertrophy, possible carpal tunnel syndrome ) Neurological: delayed deep tendon reflexes, slow speech E.[clinicaladvisor.com] Increased cholesterol levels Decreased concentration Vague aches and pains Swelling of the legs As hypothyroidism becomes more severe, there may be puffiness around the eyes[medicinenet.com]

  • Bilateral Leg Weakness

    Typically, weakness is accompanied by an increase in deep tendon reflexes such as the biceps, triceps, patellar or ankle jerks.[dartmouth.edu] Nighttime symptoms of pain and leg cramps may be associated with restless legs syndrome , a sleep disorder . When Should People Seek Medical Care for Leg Pain?[emedicinehealth.com] Other typical signs and symptoms of GBS include: Loss of tendon reflexes in the arms and legs Tingling or numbness (mild loss of sensation) Muscle tenderness or pain (may[medlineplus.gov]

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