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1,382 Possible Causes for Increased Ankle Reflex, Psychiatric Manifestation, Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Extensive and repeated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations showed only diffuse abnormality in brain and spinal cord, but no focal lesions. We propose[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Graves Disease

    Other symptoms associated with the disease are goitre, ophthalmopathy, and psychiatric manifestations such as mood and anxiety disorders and, sometimes, cognitive dysfunction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Psychic manifestations associated with hyperthyroidism. Am J Psychiatry 1935; 91: 1215–36 Google Scholar 14. American Psychiatric Association.[oadoi.org] Graves' hyperthyroidism may result in these latter manifestations via the induction of hyperactivity of the adrenergic nervous system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Subdural Hematoma

    The usual mechanism that produces an acute subdural hematoma is a high-speed impact to the skull. This causes brain tissue to accelerate or decelerate relative to the fixed dural structures, tearing blood vessels. Often, the torn blood vessel is a vein that connects the cortical surface of the brain to a dural[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Brain Neoplasm

    manifestations in 2 (22%), confusion/memory deficits in 1 (11%), and monocular visual deficits in 1 (11%).[thefreelibrary.com] […] were headaches in 3 of the 9 patients (33%), motor deficits in 3 (33%), language difficulties in 2 (22%), sensory deficits in 2 (22%), visual field deficits in 2 (22%), psychiatric[thefreelibrary.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Psychiatric manifestations of multiple sclerosis: A review. Can J Psychiatry 1996 ; 41: 441 – 445. Google Scholar SAGE Journals ISI 5. Patten, SB, Svenson, LW, Metz, LM.[dx.doi.org] Fatigue and psychiatric symptoms, such as depression or euphoria, can also be manifestations of MS. Symptoms (attacks) of MS need disseminated in “time and space.”[clinicaladvisor.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Spastic Paraplegia

    […] of deep tendon reflexes in the legs, loss of ankle flexibility, and decrease of sensation in the legs.[encyclopedia.com] Non-neurological manifestations may include ophthalmological abnormalities (cataracts, retinitis pigmentosa, macular degeneration), and orthopedic abnormalities (scoliosis[orpha.net] Clinical features that may be recognized from birth in the Amish, where the condition occurs at an increased frequency, include low birth weight, relative macrocephaly, triangular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    While spasms of this muscle constitute the hallmark of disease, other motor manifestations include increased spontaneous blinking and apraxia of eyelid opening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Originally misdiagnosed as a psychiatric condition, blepharospasm is now well established as being of neurological origin although questions remain as to its pathophysiological[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    […] disturbances, pulsatile tinnitus, isolated or multiple cranial nerve involvement or subarachnoid hemorrhage Relationship between clinical manifestations and the site of venous[annalsofian.org] […] thrombosis. [9] Other clinical presentations Many other clinical presentations have been described in CVT patients; [1], [10], [11], [12] attacks of migraine with aura, isolated psychiatric[annalsofian.org]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Neurocirculatory Asthenia

    As a rule all the normal reflexes are increased, the knee, ankle, wrist, and arm jerks are especially exaggerated, and there is a hyperexcitability manifest in practically[history.amedd.army.mil] […] to highlight the predominance of psychiatric or non-psychiatric complaints.[en.wikipedia.org] Sbrocchi 55 emphasized the importance of tremor of the eyelids when the eyes are closed, and directed attention to an attenuation of the conjunctival and pharyngeal reflexes[history.amedd.army.mil]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Hyperthyroidism

    Patients with Graves' disease frequently manifest various psychiatric disorders; however, very few reports have described dissociative disorder due to this disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] manifest as skin rashes and severe acne, loss of appetite and abdominal pain, fatigue, a metallic taste in the mouth, and cardiac arrhythmias.[articles.mercola.com] Neuromuscular symptoms include weakness of proximal muscles. 11 Psychiatric symptoms range from anxiety to frank psychosis. 12 Patients with long-standing untreated hyperthyroidism[aafp.org]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood