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258 Possible Causes for Increased Ankle Reflex, Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    […] of deep tendon reflexes in the legs, loss of ankle flexibility, and decrease of sensation in the legs.[encyclopedia.com] Clinical features that may be recognized from birth in the Amish, where the condition occurs at an increased frequency, include low birth weight, relative macrocephaly, triangular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Deep tendon reflexes are pathologically increased (3 to 4 ) in the lower extremities.[slideshare.net]

  • Stroke

    BACKGROUND: Impaired gait function after stroke contributes strongly to overall patient disability. Recently, sleep disturbance was reported to negatively affect functional recovery after stroke. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the impact of sleep disturbance on balance and gait function in stroke[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    INTRODUCTION: The propositus - a two-week-old boy - was transferred to our university hospital for investigation of increased head circumference and full fontanel. On ultrasound, thrombosis of the right internal cerebral vein and intraventricular haemorrhage was diagnosed, confirmed by MRI. Family history revealed[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Hyperthyroidism

    OBJECTIVE: The treatment of hyperthyroidism associated with severe liver dysfunction (LD) is a clinical challenge, and there has been no unified examination of this problem. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of radioiodine ( 131 I) in combination with a molecular adsorbent[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Extensive and repeated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations showed only diffuse abnormality in brain and spinal cord, but no focal lesions. We propose[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Background Cervical spondylosis is a common degenerative condition of the cervical spine. It is most likely caused by age-related changes in the intervertebral disks. Clinically, several syndromes, both overlapping and distinct, are seen. These include neck and shoulder pain, suboccipital pain and headache, radicular[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Intracerebral hemorrhage is a rare event during pregnancy that can result in serious morbidity and mortality for the mother and infant. In this article, we describe a case involving a multiparous woman at 34 weeks gestation who presented with a 5-cm intracerebral bleed. Within 2 hours of presenting, she underwent[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Graves Disease

    Thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare congenital dysplasia, whereas a variety of pathological changes may occur in residual thyroid lobe. The most frequently described pathology in residual thyroid lobe is Graves' hyperthyroidism. Although I therapy has been generally recommended as the preferred treatment for Graves'[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Subdural Hematoma

    Subdural hematoma is defined as a collection of blood outside the brain below the dura mater. Presentations seen is dependent on the level of bleeding but general include siezures, apathy, weakness, lethargy, nausea, dizziness, behaviorual changes, confusion and severe headache. Chronic subdural hematoma may have[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    […] tone bilaterally, pyramidal weakness bilaterally, increased knee reflexes, upgoing plantars and clonus) Absent ankle reflexes Tongue wasting and fasciculations Increased[medicaleducationleeds.com] And spasticity involves an increase in muscle tone, an increase in deep tendon reflexes, and the phenomenon of clonus.[coursera.org] […] movements Present to the examiner: I suspect motor neuron disease because of mixed upper and lower motor neuron signs such as: Wasting and fasciculations Spastic paraparesis (increased[medicaleducationleeds.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood

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