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39 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[] Kussmaul's sign A paradoxical increase in venous distention and pressure during inspiration. Finding associated with cardiac tamponade.[] Increased area of cardiac dullness to percussion. Normally, cardiac dullness extends laterally to the apical impulse in the fifth intercostal space.[]

  • Pericardial Cyst

    Examination may reveal distant heart sounds and increase in the area of cardiac dullness to percussion.[] On examination distant heart sounds and increase in the area of cardiac dullness to percussion may be the only physical signs until tamponade develops.[] Patients may remain asymptomatic despite the presence of a large volume of fluid in the pericardium due to corresponding increase in the capacity of the pericardial cavity[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    A 66-year-old man was admitted due to repeated syncope, and the electrocardiogram showed complete atrioventricular block (CAVB). He had moderate aortic valve stenosis (AS) with a severely calcified valve. This case indicates that if calcification spreads into the cardiac conduction system, it may cause CAVB.[…][]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Double orifice left atrioventricular valve (DOLAVV) or double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly manifesting either as an isolated lesion (mitral stenosis or mitral insufficiency) or in association with other congenital cardiac defects. Signs of mitral valve disease are usually present along[…][]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    The authors present a case of carnitine transporter deficiency, which was unmasked after an episode of respiratory distress resistant to treatment with bronchodilators. Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly; electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy and echocardiography revealed dilated[…][]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Cardiac tamponade (CT) is a dreadful complication of laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) with unknown incidence, and preventive measures are yet to be defined. Incidence during LARS with respect to usage/configuration of graft deployment is analyzed. Three-dimensional (3D) analysis of tack distribution provided[…][]

  • Acute Mediastinitis

    Monitoring of biochemical markers of inflammation in acute mediastinitis (AM) can be useful in the modification of treatment. This study was a retrospective evaluation of selected biochemical parameters with negative impact on the prognosis in surgically treated patients. There were 44 consecutive patients treated[…][]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    In patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM), risk stratification for sudden cardiac death (SCD) and selection of patients who would benefit from prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators remains challenging. We aim to discuss the evidence of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived myocardial scar[…][]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    This study examined the value of resting thallium-201 imaging in differentiating patients with primary cardiomyopathy from those with ischemic cardiomyopathy. There were 15 patients with primary cardiomyopathy (group I); 20 with chronic CAD (group II); and 25 with acute Q wave myocardial infarction (group III). All[…][]

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