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16 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Increased Jugular Venous Pressure, P Mitrale

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Right heart failure is characterized by low output syndrome with increased jugular venous pressure, increased liver size and hypotension.[doi.org] Lancellotti P, Gerard PL, Pierard LA. Long-term outcome of patients with heart failure and dynamic functional mitral regurgitation.[emedicine.com] Jugular venous pressure is frequently assessed as a marker of fluid status, which can be accentuated by eliciting hepatojugular reflux.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    […] markedly longer chordae tendineae (DCM-lowMR: 24 [20-26] mm; controls: 14 [13-16] mm; P 0.01) and larger anterior leaflets (DCM-lowMR: 30 [27-31] mm; controls: 22 [20-24] mm; P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Four DCM patients with moderate-severe MR had unbalanced remodeling, such as excessive LV dilatation, short anterior mitral leaflets, and short chordae tendineae.The development[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    Neither diagnosis of TBA or TGA/VSD nor any associated anatomical feature (including aortic arch obstruction, unusual coronary anatomy, great artery relationship, or mitral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] multivariate analysis, factors associated with mortality were the presence of preoperative IPPV for pneumonia (P .006) and the need for peritoneal dialysis following surgery (P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Jugular enlargement – This vein engorges with the increasing jugular venous pressure.[symptoma.com] The mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa (MAIVF) has a vital role in the integrity of the mitral and aortic valves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Infective endocarditis, mechanical valve replacement of aortic or mitral valve, and any amount of pericardial effusion (PE) on the first postoperative TTE were related to[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Endocardial Fibroelastosis

    On physical examination, increased jugular venous pressure with Kussmaul's sign and decreased breathing sounds in both lower lung fields were observed.[synapse.koreamed.org] He had P mitrale and ST changes on ECG (Fig. 4A), septal thickness of 22 mm (4B), LVEF 65%, biatrial enlargement (4C) and a grade III diastolic dysfunction (4D).[escardio.org] Endocardial Fibroelastosis Monica P. Revelo, MD, PhD Gross specimen shows left ventricle with white opaque thickened endocardium and flat trabeculae.[basicmedicalkey.com]

  • Rheumatic Valvulitis

    Kussmaul's sign A paradoxical increase in venous distention and pressure during inspiration. Finding associated with cardiac tamponade.[atsu.edu] P 1 (anterior), P 2 (middle), P 3 (posterior)―are the scallops (clefts or indendations) of PML (posterior mitral leaflet), A 1 , A 2 , A 3 ―are the corresponding segments[scirp.org] No patient developed mitral or aortic stenosis: this suggests that regular prophylaxis may prevent the development of stenosis.[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Inspiratory increase in jugular venous pressure (Kussmaul's sign) is occasionally seen. Sharp X and Y descents are present in the jugular pulse. ECG.[tele.med.ru] P - pericardium, v - visceral, p - parietal; LA - left atrium, MV - mitral valve, LV - left ventricle, A - Aorta.[indianpediatrics.net] Kussmaul's sign A paradoxical increase in venous distention and pressure during inspiration. Finding associated with cardiac tamponade.[atsu.edu]

  • Cardiomegaly

    venous congestion related to congestive cardiac failure results in increased jugular venous pressure [1] Cardiomegaly [3] [7] As a result of enlargement of the heart, the[explainmedicine.com] LV apical aneurysm (arrowheads) and maximal LV wall thickening at mid-ventricular level with muscular apposition of septum and LV free wall producing distinct proximal (P)[doi.org] Evolving Concepts and Technologies in Mitral Valve Repair.[explainmedicine.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    , increased jugular venous pressure, displaced apical impulse, right ventricular heave, murmurs of mitral and tricuspid regurgitation, third heart sound, pulmonary rales,[cathlabdigest.com] Lesieur O, Lorillard R, Ha Thi H, Dudeffant P, Ledain L.[doi.org] There is usually increased jugular venous pressure, displaced apical impulse, right ventricular heave, murmurs of mitral and tricuspid regurgitation, third heart sound, pulmonary[onlinejacc.org]

  • Pericardial Calcification

    Physical examination revealed increased jugular venous pressure (14 cm of water), ascites along with presence of Kussmaul sign and pericardial knock.[jacpjournal.org] Sengupta, P. P. et al . Accuracy and pitfalls of early diastolic motion of the mitral annulus for diagnosing constrictive pericarditis by tissue Doppler imaging . Am. J.[nature.com] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com]