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16 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Mitral Valve Insufficiency, S3 Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Secondary changes in valve function, particularly the severity of mitral and tricuspid valve insufficiency, should be determined.[doi.org] […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[medicalcriteria.com] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[emedicine.medscape.com] Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[clinicaladvisor.com] […] apical impulse (less common) Normal first heart sound; second heart sound usually is normally split but is paradoxically split in some patients with severe outflow gradients; S3[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) will show a dilated left ventricle and atrium, with poor function and mitral valve insufficiency (leaking of the valve).[dpca.org] He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org] […] and tricuspid valve insufficiency Complications Conduction defects–eg atrial & ventricular tachyarrhythmias and fibrillation Management Supportive–eg rest, weight control[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Abstract Eleven patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and eight patients with idiopathic congestive cardiomyopathy underwent extensive neuromuscular studies to determine if a skeletal myopathy is associated with uncomplicated primary cardiomyopathy. The clinical examination revealed peripheral[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    valve disorders I34.0 Nonrheumatic mitral (valve) insufficiency I34.1 Nonrheumatic mitral (valve) prolapse I34.2 Nonrheumatic mitral (valve) stenosis I34.8 Other nonrheumatic[icd10data.com] As AS severity increases, the findings of systolic heart failure may become more prominent, including an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged[doi.org] valve insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    The procedure is also appropriate for secondary mitral valve insufficiency due to left ventricular dilatation.[symptoma.com] In case 2, we applied the same mitral valve procedure in a 65-year-old woman with idiopathic DCM. Neither had mitral insufficiency at an intermediate follow-up.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] insufficiency or severe stenosis of any heart valve) or congenital heart disease.[content.onlinejacc.org]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Insufficient mitral valve ( / ), without organic changes on the flaps and trace of tricuspid regurgitation. The other valves had a correct structure.[termedia.pl] […] enlargement, mainly appearing on left atrium and ventricle, mitral, aortic, tricuspid and pulmonary valves incompetence, and the ejection fraction was 40.2% ( Figure 3, panel[jtd.amegroups.com] […] enlargement, mainly appearing on left atrium and ventricle, mitral, aortic, tricuspid and pulmonary valves incompetence, and the ejection fraction was 40.2% ( Figure 3 ,[jtd.amegroups.com]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    Kussmaul's sign A paradoxical increase in venous distention and pressure during inspiration. Finding associated with cardiac tamponade.[atsu.edu] Cardiogenic shock in fulminant cases Auscultation findings Brief systolic murmurs Heart failure S3 (and S4) gallops Pericarditis pericardial friction rub The clinical manifestation[amboss.com] Rheumatic fever is still the leading cause of mitral valve insufficiency and stenosis in the U.S.[atsu.edu]

  • Cor Triloculare Biventriculare

    […] syndrome ( Q23.4 ) Q23.1 Congenital insufficiency of aortic valve Bicuspid aortic valve Congenital aortic insufficiency Q23.2 Congenital mitral stenosis Congenital mitral[apps.who.int] Gallop - in ppl with anemia - anemia decreases RBC count - decreases viscocity of blood - heart makes the same energy - heart is hyper dynamic - creates 3rd heart sound -[quizlet.com] The fetal echocardiogram (ECHO) was remarkable for a hypoplastic left atrium, nearly atretic mitral valve, small left ventricle, and a hypoplastic aortic valve with severe[readbyqxmd.com]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Rheumatic fever is still the leading cause of mitral valve insufficiency and stenosis in the U.S.[atsu.edu] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] A S3 gallop indicates left-sided congestive heart failure.[atsu.edu]

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