Create issue ticket

14 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Nocturnal Paroxysmal Dyspnea, S3 Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Features due to left heart failure: Dyspnea, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea: These symptoms develop due to congestion of the lungs.[symptoma.com] […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[medicalcriteria.com] Later on orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea also develop. Later on dyspnea occurs even at rest. Orthopnea refers to breathlessness on lying flat.[symptoma.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com] gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[emedicine.medscape.com] Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    The following are the symptoms with which a patient may present: fatigue, orthopnea, dyspnea on exertion, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, increasing edema, weight gain, or an[symptoma.com] He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org] At presentation she had dyspnea at rest, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[doi.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary congestion reduces when the patient is in erect position, it results in improvement in symptoms. [1],[2],[5] Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea[explainmedicine.com] nocturnal dyspnea) Chest pain or pressure may be present along with the above symptoms Fatigue and weakness are commonly associated with cardiomyopathy Dizziness and lightheadedness[dovemed.com] […] patients in whom the additional volume cannot be pumped out by the left ventricle, there is a significant reduction in vital capacity and pulmonary compliance with resultant dyspnea[explainmedicine.com]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    nocturnal dyspnea, and edema.[aafp.org] […] atrial fibrillation (Paf)発作性心房細動 paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea発作性夜間呼吸困難 paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia(PSVT)発作性上室性頻拍 paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia (PVT)発作性心室頻拍[tokyo-med.ac.jp] Symptoms of heart failure may include shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and edema.[aafp.org]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    […] or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea are present, even in patients with preeclampsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[thepermanentejournal.org] Symptoms may include shortness of breath, persistent cough, dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, chest pain, palpitations, dizziness, and abdominal[appliedradiology.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Furthermore, some will have paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and episodic coughs that produce frothy sputum.[symptoma.com] Dyspnea, orthopnea, and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea are the hallmark complaints, but chest discomfort, fatigue, palpitations, dizziness, syncope, anorexia, and many others[emedicine.com] A majority will experience dyspnea on exertion. As ACM progresses, patients can develop orthopnea.[symptoma.com]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    Kussmaul's sign A paradoxical increase in venous distention and pressure during inspiration. Finding associated with cardiac tamponade.[atsu.edu] Cardiogenic shock in fulminant cases Auscultation findings Brief systolic murmurs Heart failure S3 (and S4) gallops Pericarditis pericardial friction rub The clinical manifestation[amboss.com] Ewart's sign An area of dullness to percussion at the tip of the left scapula Decreased or muffled heart sounds More common when large amounts of fluid are in the pericardium[atsu.edu]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Other symptoms associated with AS are related to cardiac failure, such as paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, and dyspnea on exertion.[symptoma.com] As AS severity increases, the findings of systolic heart failure may become more prominent, including an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged[doi.org] The patient also presented dyspnea on minimal exertion, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and edema of lower limbs. The patient denied fever.[web.archive.org]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] A S3 gallop indicates left-sided congestive heart failure.[atsu.edu] The chest discomfort noted with acute pericarditis, as well as orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, does not usually occur in individuals with constrictive pericarditis[tele.med.ru]