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294 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Non Specific ST-T Changes, S4 Gallop

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop due to thickened, non-compliant ventricle Possible murmur from mitral regurgitation Rapidly rising double arterial pulse in the carotid arteries ECG Abnormally deep[amboss.com] Physical findings include S4 gallop, prominent left ventricular impluse or lift, and brisk carotid upstroke.[clinicaladvisor.com] […] is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse Apical[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Because of the shortage of donor hearts, 16 (33%) of 48 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy died awaiting transplantation. Determining factors that predict effective coronary revascularization and identifying patients who may benefit from revascularization is crucial. From 1984 to 1990, 207 ischemic cardiomyopathy[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Abstract Eleven patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and eight patients with idiopathic congestive cardiomyopathy underwent extensive neuromuscular studies to determine if a skeletal myopathy is associated with uncomplicated primary cardiomyopathy. The clinical examination revealed peripheral[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org] Electrocardiogram revealed sinus tachycardia and non-specific ST-T changes in the lateral leads.[doi.org]

  • Hypertension

    BACKGROUND: Hypertension is often recognized in both hemodialysis patients (HDp) and renal transplant recipients (RTRs). The aim of the study was the evaluation of hypertension prevalence and treatment schedule and the achievement of the control of blood pressure according to the Polish Society of Hypertension,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Angina Pectoris

    Abstract Angina pectoris, or symptomatic myocardial ischaemia, reflects an impairment of coronary blood flow, and usually a deficiency of available myocardial energetics. Treatment options vary with the precise cause, which may vary with regards to the roles of increased myocardial oxygen demand versus reduced[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    […] chest pain heart failure exertional dyspnea lower extremity edema orthopnea paroxysmal noctural dyspnea Physical exam abdominal fullness bilateral basilar crackles S3 or S4[step2.medbullets.com] […] is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse Apical[emedicine.medscape.com] gallop JVD Evaluation Echocardiogram Treatment Nonpharmacologic bed rest Na restriction Pharmacologic digoxin diuretics ACE inhibitors (once fetus has been delivered) possible[step2.medbullets.com]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[symptoma.com] (i) The ECG The ECG most commonly demonstrates a sinus tachycardia with or without non-specific ST segment and T wave changes.[rcemlearning.co.uk] Possible abnormalities: ST segment depression or elevation Atrioventricular or intraventricular block non-specific T wave changes Q-T prolongation P-R segment depression ECG[rcemlearning.co.uk]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Graves Disease

    Background The association of hyperthyroidism with renal disease is very rare and the importance of timely clinical recognition cannot be overemphasized. Case presentation An 11-year-old girl presented with gastrointestinal symptoms while hypertension, edema and abdominal pain were noticed on clinical examination.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    ECG Features of Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Low voltage QRS complexes Non-specific ST segment / T wave changes Bundle branch blocks Atrioventricular block (3rd degree AV block[lifeinthefastlane.com]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness