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11 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Orthopnea, P Mitrale

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Lancellotti P, Gerard PL, Pierard LA. Long-term outcome of patients with heart failure and dynamic functional mitral regurgitation.[emedicine.com] The patient experienced orthopnea due to congestive heart failure and could not assume any other position.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 35-year-old woman presented to the ED with a 2-month history of shortness of breath, dyspnea on exertion, decreased exercise tolerance, and orthopnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    P., Rouf, R., Habashi, J. & Dietz, H. C. Mitral valve disease in Marfan syndrome and related disorders. J. Cardiovasc. Transl. Res. 4, 741–747 (2011). 134. Chang, S.[doi.org] Other symptoms associated with AS are related to cardiac failure, such as paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, and dyspnea on exertion.[symptoma.com] The patient also presented dyspnea on minimal exertion, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and edema of lower limbs. The patient denied fever.[scielo.br]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    […] markedly longer chordae tendineae (DCM-lowMR: 24 [20-26] mm; controls: 14 [13-16] mm; P 0.01) and larger anterior leaflets (DCM-lowMR: 30 [27-31] mm; controls: 22 [20-24] mm; P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com] These symptoms of heart failure most commonly include dyspnea , orthopnea , paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea , and fluid retention. How Is Postpartum Cardiomyopathy Treated?[verywellhealth.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    […] markedly longer chordae tendineae (DCM-lowMR: 24 [20-26] mm; controls: 14 [13-16] mm; P 0.01) and larger anterior leaflets (DCM-lowMR: 30 [27-31] mm; controls: 22 [20-24] mm; P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The following are the symptoms with which a patient may present: fatigue, orthopnea, dyspnea on exertion, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, increasing edema, weight gain, or an[symptoma.com] At presentation she had dyspnea at rest, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.[doi.org]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    P - pericardium, v - visceral, p - parietal; LA - left atrium, MV - mitral valve, LV - left ventricle, A - Aorta.[indianpediatrics.net] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] The chest discomfort noted with acute pericarditis, as well as orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, does not usually occur in individuals with constrictive pericarditis[tele.med.ru]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Lesieur O, Lorillard R, Ha Thi H, Dudeffant P, Ledain L.[doi.org] Approximately 4 hours after cesarean section, progressive orthopnea developed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] are often noted during normal pregnancies, the potential for PPCMP should be considered if these symptoms are excessive and/or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    P. / Chen, M. C. / Lin, W. Y. / Liu, W. H. / Chen, C. J. / Chen, Y. L. / Pan, K. L. / Tsai, T. H. / Chang, H.[tib.eu] Orthopnea is caused by the pulmonary congestion which occurs during recumbency.[explainmedicine.com] […] progressively worse, if not treated Shortness of breath is initially related to physical activity and at later stages, may be present even at rest Difficulty lying flat on the bed (orthopnea[dovemed.com]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    The mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa (MAIVF) has a vital role in the integrity of the mitral and aortic valves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] filling stroke volume ( venous congestion) cardiac output References: [2] Clinical features Usually initially asymptomatic Shortness of breath, especially while lying down ( orthopnea[amboss.com] She came to the emergency room with a 7-day history of dyspnea and orthopnea.[revespcardiol.org]

  • Cardiomegaly

    Evolving Concepts and Technologies in Mitral Valve Repair.[explainmedicine.com] […] elderly. 11 When advanced disease presents in a proband with no prior knowledge of risk for DCM, its presentation may include heart failure with symptoms of congestion (edema, orthopnea[doi.org] LV apical aneurysm (arrowheads) and maximal LV wall thickening at mid-ventricular level with muscular apposition of septum and LV free wall producing distinct proximal (P)[doi.org]

  • Radiation Pericarditis

    Electrocardiogram indicated systolic right ventricular strain, mitral P, and nonspecifiic S-T segment depression in left precordial leads.[webview.isho.jp] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] The chest discomfort noted with acute pericarditis, as well as orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, does not usually occur in individuals with constrictive pericarditis[tele.med.ru]