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19 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Pleural Effusion, Pleural Effusion on Chest X-Ray

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The daily dosage was adjusted on the basis of the patient's clinical response and her follow-up chest x-ray studies.[] Testing may include a chest x-ray to look for cardiomegaly (an enlarged heart), pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), or pleural effusion (collection of fluid around the lungs[] Computed tomography and X-ray of the thorax showed left-sided pleural effusion.[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Radiologic examinations were carried out, and the computed tomography scan revealed a hepatomegaly and a chest X-ray showed evidence of a unilateral pleural effusion.[] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[] Pleural fluid accumulation persisted despite a tube thoracostomy for pleural effusion drainage.[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Associated pleural effusions may also be seen.[] effusions Cardiac catheterization with pressure measurements Possible myocardial biopsy to identify underlying cause Treatment References: [1] [3] [16] [17] Arrhythmogenic[] Pulmonary multi-detector computed tomography angiography excluded acute pulmonary embolism but revealed bilateral pulmonary infiltration and pleural effusion suggesting acute[]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    effusion, Mediastinal widening, Subcutaneous emphysema, Nacleiro sign [a V-shaped radiolucency seen through the heart representing air in the left lower mediastinum that[] […] thorax Tears are vertically oriented , 1-4 cm in length Almost all (90%) occur along the left posterolateral wall of the distal esophagus X-ray : Mediastinal emphysema, Left pleural[] […] thorax Tears are vertically oriented, 1-4 cm in length Almost all (90%) occur along the left posterolateral wall of the distal esophagus X-ray : Mediastinal emphysema, Left pleural[]

  • Acute Mediastinitis

    By plain chest X-ray films, mediastinal emphysema and pleural effusion were detected in 62.5% and 75%, respectively.[] […] fistula with massive pleural effusion or hemothorax and extension of pseudocyst into the mediastinum.[] (27.5%), pleural effusions (85%), lung infiltrates (35%), sternal dehiscence (40%), and pleuromediastinal fistula (2.5%).[]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    […] by moderate bilateral pleural effusion.[] Initial chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly, bibasilar and retrocardiac parenchymal opacities, without signs of pulmonary congestion or pleural effusion (Figure 1).[] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    […] her chest X-ray.[] White arrow: right atrial collapse due to pleural effusion. Black arrow: minimal pericardial effusion.[] We are reporting two patients with lung cancer who were treated with nivolumab and experienced rapidly accumulating recurrent pleural effusions requiring multiple thoracenteses[]

  • Mediastinal Abscess

    Chest X-ray revealed right-sided pleural effusion. There was no evidence of consolidation. Cardiac workup was done in view of exertional breathlessness.[] We present a case of conservative treatment in an 82-year-old woman with cervical esophagus rupture associated with mediastinal abscess and bilateral pleural effusion resulting[] effusion, not elsewhere classified J91 Pleural effusion in conditions classified elsewhere J91.0 Malignant pleural effusion J91.8 Pleural effusion in other conditions classified[]

  • Cardiomegaly

    At 34 weeks' menstrual age, repeat sonographic examination demonstrated polyhydramnios, cardiomegaly, and generalized hydrops with ascites and pleural effusion.[] Chest X - ray showed cardiomegaly and bilateral pleural effusion. 3.[] Because her chest radiography showed cardiomegaly and left-sided pleural effusion with small atelectasis, transthoracic echocardiography and contrast enhanced chest CT were[]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Associated pleural effusions may also be seen.[] Generalized enlargement of the heart is seen upon normal chest X-ray. Pleural effusion may also be noticed, which is due to pulmonary venous hypertension.[] Chest x-ray shows cardiomegaly, usually of all chambers.[]

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