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19 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Pleural Effusion, Pleural Effusion on Chest X-Ray

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The daily dosage was adjusted on the basis of the patient's clinical response and her follow-up chest x-ray studies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Testing may include a chest x-ray to look for cardiomegaly (an enlarged heart), pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), or pleural effusion (collection of fluid around the lungs[jama.ama-assn.org] Computed tomography and X-ray of the thorax showed left-sided pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Radiologic examinations were carried out, and the computed tomography scan revealed a hepatomegaly and a chest X-ray showed evidence of a unilateral pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] Pleural fluid accumulation persisted despite a tube thoracostomy for pleural effusion drainage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Associated pleural effusions may also be seen.[radiopaedia.org] effusions Cardiac catheterization with pressure measurements Possible myocardial biopsy to identify underlying cause Treatment References: [1] [3] [16] [17] Arrhythmogenic[amboss.com] Pulmonary multi-detector computed tomography angiography excluded acute pulmonary embolism but revealed bilateral pulmonary infiltration and pleural effusion suggesting acute[scielo.mec.pt]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    effusion, Mediastinal widening, Subcutaneous emphysema, Nacleiro sign [a V-shaped radiolucency seen through the heart representing air in the left lower mediastinum that[prep4usmle.com] […] thorax Tears are vertically oriented , 1-4 cm in length Almost all (90%) occur along the left posterolateral wall of the distal esophagus X-ray : Mediastinal emphysema, Left pleural[prep4usmle.com] […] thorax Tears are vertically oriented, 1-4 cm in length Almost all (90%) occur along the left posterolateral wall of the distal esophagus X-ray : Mediastinal emphysema, Left pleural[prep4usmle.com]

  • Acute Mediastinitis

    By plain chest X-ray films, mediastinal emphysema and pleural effusion were detected in 62.5% and 75%, respectively.[jstage.jst.go.jp] […] fistula with massive pleural effusion or hemothorax and extension of pseudocyst into the mediastinum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (27.5%), pleural effusions (85%), lung infiltrates (35%), sternal dehiscence (40%), and pleuromediastinal fistula (2.5%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    […] by moderate bilateral pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initial chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly, bibasilar and retrocardiac parenchymal opacities, without signs of pulmonary congestion or pleural effusion (Figure 1).[revistas.unal.edu.co] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    […] her chest X-ray.[dear-medic.jp] White arrow: right atrial collapse due to pleural effusion. Black arrow: minimal pericardial effusion.[revespcardiol.org] We are reporting two patients with lung cancer who were treated with nivolumab and experienced rapidly accumulating recurrent pleural effusions requiring multiple thoracenteses[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mediastinal Abscess

    Chest X-ray revealed right-sided pleural effusion. There was no evidence of consolidation. Cardiac workup was done in view of exertional breathlessness.[jcor.in] We present a case of conservative treatment in an 82-year-old woman with cervical esophagus rupture associated with mediastinal abscess and bilateral pleural effusion resulting[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] effusion, not elsewhere classified J91 Pleural effusion in conditions classified elsewhere J91.0 Malignant pleural effusion J91.8 Pleural effusion in other conditions classified[icd10data.com]

  • Cardiomegaly

    At 34 weeks' menstrual age, repeat sonographic examination demonstrated polyhydramnios, cardiomegaly, and generalized hydrops with ascites and pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest X - ray showed cardiomegaly and bilateral pleural effusion. 3.[sentencedict.com] Because her chest radiography showed cardiomegaly and left-sided pleural effusion with small atelectasis, transthoracic echocardiography and contrast enhanced chest CT were[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Associated pleural effusions may also be seen.[radiopaedia.org] Generalized enlargement of the heart is seen upon normal chest X-ray. Pleural effusion may also be noticed, which is due to pulmonary venous hypertension.[en.wikipedia.org] Chest x-ray shows cardiomegaly, usually of all chambers.[merckmanuals.com]

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