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22 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Pleural Effusion on Chest X-Ray, Sudden Death

  • Cardiomyopathy

    In patients with congestive heart failure, chest x-ray will show signs of congestion, an enlarged cardiac silhouette and possibly pleural effusions ( Figure 3 ).[clinicaladvisor.com] A thorough family history of juvenile sudden death, ventricular arrhythmias and ICD implants should always be sought.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: Two cases of sudden cardiac death owing to ARVC were reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    The daily dosage was adjusted on the basis of the patient's clinical response and her follow-up chest x-ray studies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The basic pharmacology of PDE inhibitors is presented and the use of PDE-3 inhibitors for the treatment of heart failure causing an increase in sudden death is also reviewed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Testing may include a chest x-ray to look for cardiomegaly (an enlarged heart), pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), or pleural effusion (collection of fluid around the lungs[dx.doi.org]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Initial chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly, bibasilar and retrocardiac parenchymal opacities, without signs of pulmonary congestion or pleural effusion (Figure 1).[revistas.unal.edu.co] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] In sudden cardiac death the focus is on heart function. This means that actual death and sudden cardiac death is not, by definition, the same thing.[ceufast.com]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    […] her chest X-ray.[dear-medic.jp] We report sudden death in a patient diagnosed with AAAD and in whom critical care ultrasound highly indicated hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical presentation ranges from chest pain alone to ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Radiologic examinations were carried out, and the computed tomography scan revealed a hepatomegaly and a chest X-ray showed evidence of a unilateral pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] Presenting symptoms include heart failure, arrhythmias, sudden death, cyanosis and chest pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Generalized enlargement of the heart is seen upon normal chest X-ray. Pleural effusion may also be noticed, which is due to pulmonary venous hypertension.[en.wikipedia.org] The patient presented with sudden arrhythmic death and survived with permanent anoxic brain injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest x-ray shows cardiomegaly, usually of all chambers.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    , unexpected death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] unexpected death ( Arch Kriminol 2002;209:36, Srp Arh Celok Lek 2001;129:257, J Clin Pathol 1991;44:787 ) Boerhaave syndrome: esophageal rupture, usually lethal Etiology[pathologyoutlines.com] A cause of sudden unexpected death due to massive haematemesis without antecedent vomiting. ( 3570703 ) O'Reilly U....Connolly C.E. 1987 50 Snore-induced Mallory-Weiss syndrome[malacards.org]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Blood tests will show signs of liver injury and confirm alcohol abuse, while chest X-ray shows pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly and pleural effusions.[radcliffecardiology.com] The frequency of alcoholic cardiomyopathy among victims of sudden death suggests that alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a risk factor for sudden cardiac death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The morphologic features of alcoholic cardiomyopathy in human sudden death compared with those of experimental alcoholic cardiomyopathy (6 weeks of alcohol administration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomegaly

    Chest X - ray showed cardiomegaly and bilateral pleural effusion. 3.[sentencedict.com] Forensic pathologists encounter a wide range of deaths due to natural causes. Natural deaths can be sudden and unexpected, occurring in apparently healthy people.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiomyopathy may present with sudden cardiac death (SCD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Cyst

    These cysts frequently occur in the right cardiophrenic angle and their diagnosis is usually suspected after an abnormal chest X-ray is obtained.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of sudden death in the world.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] death etc.[annalspc.com]

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