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20 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Pleural Effusion on Chest X-Ray, Tachypnea

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] of developing pulmonary emboli, which can increase the hemodynamic burden on the right ventricle (RV) by further elevating RV systolic pressure, possibly causing fever, tachypnea[emedicine.com] The daily dosage was adjusted on the basis of the patient's clinical response and her follow-up chest x-ray studies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Testing may include a chest x-ray to look for cardiomegaly (an enlarged heart), pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), or pleural effusion (collection of fluid around the lungs[dx.doi.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Classical symptoms of congestive heart failure and physical findings of tachycardia, tachypnea, rales in the lung bases and jugular venous distention make a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy[clinicaladvisor.com] […] is most common in the first year of life 38–40 with about 20% presenting in the neonatal period. 40 Infants with D CM often present with symptoms of HF 13,39–42 such as tachypnea[revportcardiol.org] In patients with congestive heart failure, chest x-ray will show signs of congestion, an enlarged cardiac silhouette and possibly pleural effusions ( Figure 3 ).[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    The physical examination revealed hypotension (blood pressure, 90/60 mmHg) and tachypnea (26 breaths/min).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initial chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly, bibasilar and retrocardiac parenchymal opacities, without signs of pulmonary congestion or pleural effusion (Figure 1).[revistas.unal.edu.co] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    We report a rare case of complicated pericardial effusion due to E. meningoseptica in a 2-year-old boy, who was admitted with chief complaints of fever and tachypnea (mentioned[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiologic examinations were carried out, and the computed tomography scan revealed a hepatomegaly and a chest X-ray showed evidence of a unilateral pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    The child had tachypnea and mild subcostal retractions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] her chest X-ray.[dear-medic.jp] Initial vital signs revealed mild tachycardia, mild tachypnea and blood pressure elevated to 162/84mm Hg along with a temperature of 38.7 C and oxygen saturation of 96% on[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericarditis

    Tetracyclines Postpericardiotomy syndrome: usually after CABG surgery Clinical features Chest pain, usually precordial or retrosternal Low grade intermittent fever Dyspnea / tachypnea[pathologyoutlines.com] The chest X-ray showed a white lung on the left and the transthoracic ultrasound revealed a pericardial effusion, resulting in pericardial drainage and pleural puncture that[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Vital signs must be assessed with special attention to the following: tachypnea, tachycardia and hypertension.[symptoma.com] Generalized enlargement of the heart is seen upon normal chest X-ray. Pleural effusion may also be noticed, which is due to pulmonary venous hypertension.[en.wikipedia.org] […] is most common in the first year of life 38–40 with about 20% presenting in the neonatal period. 40 Infants with D CM often present with symptoms of HF 13,39–42 such as tachypnea[revportcardiol.org]

  • Cardiomegaly

    We report a previously healthy 8-month-old infant who suffered from tachypnea with mild fever for 2 weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest X - ray showed cardiomegaly and bilateral pleural effusion. 3.[sentencedict.com] Sonogram: Jasmine the cardiomegaly cat History: This 13- year-old DSH FS cat presented for lethargy, anorexia and tachypnea.[sonopath.com]

  • Acute Mediastinitis

    Patients may also present with odynophagia, dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis, tachycardia, fever, and hypotension which may develop within hours of the perforation.[journals.lww.com] By plain chest X-ray films, mediastinal emphysema and pleural effusion were detected in 62.5% and 75%, respectively.[jstage.jst.go.jp] Patients usually appears toxic with clinical evidence of sepsis, including tachypnea, tachycardia, fever, chills/rigors, and hypotension/shock.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]

  • Hemopericardium

    […] pain or discomfort with a characteristic of being relieved by sitting up or leaning forward and worsened in the supine position\ Syncope Palpitations Shortness of breath, tachypnea[learningradiology.com] x-ray examination.[tele.med.ru] Patients with acute tamponade may present with dyspnea, tachycardia, and tachypnea. Cold and clammy extremities from hypoperfusion are also observed in some patients.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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