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833 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Pulsus Paradoxus, Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Additionally, there is a case report of tamponade during attempted stent placement in superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome (5).[web.archive.org] Pulsus paradoxus Pulsus paradoxus (or paradoxical pulse) is an exaggeration ( 12 mm Hg or 9%) of the normal inspiratory decrease in systemic blood pressure.[emedicine.medscape.com] Typical symptoms of cardiac tamponade are jugular venous distension, pulsus paradoxus, hypotension, and rest dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hemopericardium

    Local vascular invasion may result in cerebral ischemia, myocardial infarction, and superior vena cava syndrome [ 1 ].[diagnosticpathology.biomedcentral.com] paradoxus. [6] Treatment [ edit ] When discovered, hemopericardium is usually treated by pericardiocentesis, a procedure wherein a needle is used to remove the fluid from[en.wikipedia.org] A superior vena cava obstruction syndrome may be seen. When dissection involves the distal aorta, it often involves the renal arteries. Urgent repair is required.[patient.info]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Vascular hemangiomas are considered to be a common finding among neonates and infants. The presence of five or more cutaneous hemangiomas may carry a higher incidence of multiple organ involvement An eleven week old female infant with high cardiac output heart failure and multiple cutaneous hemangiomas was[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
  • Pericardial Effusion

    Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] 3.3; 95% CI, 1.8-6.3), while a pulsus paradoxus of 10 mm Hg or less greatly lowers the likelihood (likelihood ratio, 0.03; 95% CI, 0.01-0.24).[jamanetwork.com] ., patients with clinical signs of tachycardia ( 90 bpm), hypotension (systolic blood pressure 100 mmHg), elevated jugular venous pressure and/or pulsus paradoxus 10 mmHg[clinicaltrials.gov]

    Missing: Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
  • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

    This situation, termed “pulsus paradoxus,” is the classic hallmark of cardiac tamponade.[aafp.org] Pulsus paradoxus, a finding in cardiac tamponade, is uncommon [ 2 ] .[patient.info] Pulsus paradoxus is a variable finding. If present, it rarely exceeds 10 mm Hg unless a concomitant pericardial effusion with an abnormally elevated pressure exists.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Pulsus Paradoxus

    […] venous return Anaphylaxis (see Anaphylaxis, [[Anaphylaxis]]) Superior Vena Cava (SVC) Syndrome (see Superior Vena Cava Syndrome, [[Superior Vena Cava Syndrome]]) Physiology[mdnxs.com] When the drop is more than 10 mmHg, it is referred to as pulsus paradoxus.[en.wikipedia.org] However I don't think this is the case, as superior vena cava syndrome is considered "Non-pulmonary and non-cardiac" according to wikipedia.[forums.studentdoctor.net]

    Missing: Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness
  • Acute Mediastinitis

    superior vena cava.[ic.steadyhealth.com] An intense fibrotic process develops, leading to compression of mediastinal structures that can cause the superior vena cava syndrome, tracheal narrowing, or obstruction of[merckmanuals.com] Imaging in mediastinitis: a systematic review based on aetiology Akman, C; Kantarci, F; Cetinkaya, S Diagnostic algorithm in patients with superior vena cava syndrome and[deepdyve.com]

    Missing: Pulsus Paradoxus
  • Mediastinal Abscess

    Spontaneous pneumomediastinum. [ 9 ] Mediastinal tumour and/or superior vena cava syndrome . Cellulitis of the neck. Necrotising fasciitis affecting the neck.[patient.info]

    Missing: Pulsus Paradoxus
  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] The ECG-changes were uncharacteristic, and a friction rub and pulsus paradoxus was encountered once only.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] paradoxus: Pulsus paradoxus is measured by careful auscultation with a blood pressure cuff.[odlarmed.com]

    Missing: Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    This exaggerated fall in systolic blood pressure with inspiration is referred to as pulsus paradoxus.[emedicine.medscape.com] Pulsus paradoxus, defined as an inspiratory decrease of more than 10 mmHg in systolic pressure, is a rare but suggestive sign of pericardial effusion.[oncologypro.esmo.org] She did not have muffled heart sounds, elevated jugular venous pressure (JVP), or pulsus paradoxus.[advancedpractitioner.com]

    Missing: Superior Vena Cava Syndrome