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14 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, S3 Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[web.archive.org] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com] gallop · Increased central venous pressure ( 16 cm H2O at right atrium) · Hepatojugular reflux · Weight loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral[web.archive.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[emedicine.com] […] apical impulse (less common) Normal first heart sound; second heart sound usually is normally split but is paradoxically split in some patients with severe outflow gradients; S3[emedicine.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Abstract BACKGROUND Ischemic cardiomyopathy is characterized by myocyte loss, reactive cellular hypertrophy, and ventricular scarring. However, the relative contribution of these tissue and cellular processes to late failure remains to be determined. METHODS AND RESULTS Ten hearts were obtained from individuals[…][doi.org]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Abstract Eleven patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and eight patients with idiopathic congestive cardiomyopathy underwent extensive neuromuscular studies to determine if a skeletal myopathy is associated with uncomplicated primary cardiomyopathy. The clinical examination revealed peripheral[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    Presently described is successful cesarean delivery in a pregnancy superimposed on long-term bosentan treatment in an Eisenmenger syndrome patient with cor triatriatum sinistrum, double-orifice mitral valve, and large ventricular septal defect resulting in single functioning ventricle with double outlets. Cesarean[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Even though alcoholism is a major health concern, alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a little-known pathology. The exact prevalence remains elusive (20-40% of dilated cardiomyopathy). However, it can lead to dilated cardiomyopathy, heart failure and refractory cardiogenic shock. The literature on cardiogenic shock in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[thepermanentejournal.org] […] or S4 gallop JVD Evaluation Echocardiogram Treatment Nonpharmacologic bed rest Na restriction Pharmacologic digoxin diuretics ACE inhibitors (once fetus has been delivered[step2.medbullets.com] Case 1 illustrates a typical PPCM presentation, with gestational hypertension, S3 gallop, hypoxia, an elevated BNP level, cardiomegaly, and pulmonary congestion on chest radiographs[thepermanentejournal.org]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    As AS severity increases, the findings of systolic heart failure may become more prominent, including an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged[doi.org]

  • Cor Triloculare Biventriculare

    Gallop - in ppl with anemia - anemia decreases RBC count - decreases viscocity of blood - heart makes the same energy - heart is hyper dynamic - creates 3rd heart sound -[quizlet.com] […] stenosis - RV failure - pulmonary HT - 3rd heart sound - hyperdynamic heart - U hear it often with children since kids have smaller hearts than adults - kids have: S1 S2 S3[quizlet.com]

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