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11 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, S3 Gallop, S4 Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Cardiac palpation and auscultation for ventricular and atrial gallop rhythms (S3, S4) should be performed.[doi.org] […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[web.archive.org] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop due to thickened, non-compliant ventricle Possible murmur from mitral regurgitation Rapidly rising double arterial pulse in the carotid arteries ECG Abnormally deep[amboss.com] gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[emedicine.medscape.com] […] standing Decreases with hand grip , squatting, or passive leg elevation Extended area of Erb point, left sternal border (laterally displaced due to myocardial hypertrophy ) S4[amboss.com]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Coronary artery bypass is an acceptable therapy in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. However, it has been demonstrated that patients with increased left ventricular volume have a worse outcome than patients with normal ventricular volume. Our hypothesis was that ventricular restoration plus coronary artery[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Noncompaction of the left ventricle is a descriptive anatomical term and recently recognized primary cardiomyopathy. Cardiac imaging now allows for prompt detection. The specific etiology remains poorly understood, however, and the major genetic determinants are unknown. This review describes[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org] He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    […] chest pain heart failure exertional dyspnea lower extremity edema orthopnea paroxysmal noctural dyspnea Physical exam abdominal fullness bilateral basilar crackles S3 or S4[step2.medbullets.com] Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[thepermanentejournal.org] gallop JVD Evaluation Echocardiogram Treatment Nonpharmacologic bed rest Na restriction Pharmacologic digoxin diuretics ACE inhibitors (once fetus has been delivered) possible[step2.medbullets.com]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    As AS severity increases, the findings of systolic heart failure may become more prominent, including an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged[doi.org] As AS severity increases, the findings of systolic heart failure may become more prominent, including an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged[doi.org]

  • Cor Triloculare Biventriculare

    - S4 - its pathologic, occurs at the a wave - atrial contraction when ventricular compliance is reduced: S1 S2 S4 Atrial Gallop S4 - associated with atrial contraction - only[quizlet.com] Gallop - in ppl with anemia - anemia decreases RBC count - decreases viscocity of blood - heart makes the same energy - heart is hyper dynamic - creates 3rd heart sound -[quizlet.com] […] stenosis - RV failure - pulmonary HT - 3rd heart sound - hyperdynamic heart - U hear it often with children since kids have smaller hearts than adults - kids have: S1 S2 S3[quizlet.com]

  • Cardiomegaly

    […] ademhaling: dyspnee, orthopnee, paroxysmale nocturale dyspnee, verminderde inspanningstolerantie - auscultatie: reutels, wheezing, longbasis verminderde ventilatie hoorbaar, S3 gallop[medics4medics.com] gallop, soms S4 - rechter hartfalen: - dyspnee d'effort - beeld van overload (opzetting halsvenen, ascites, oedeem) - hepatomegalie - bewustzijn: vermoeidheid, zwakte - labo[medics4medics.com] , soms S4 - rechter hartfalen: - dyspnee d'effort - beeld van overload (opzetting halsvenen, ascites, oedeem) - hepatomegalie - bewustzijn: vermoeidheid, zwakte - labo - electrolieten[medics4medics.com]

  • Heart Murmur

    area of cardiac dullness Irregular tachycardia Loud first heart sound Mid-systolic click On examination - 2nd heart sound split On examination - apex beat displaced -LVH[icd9data.com] Galloping rhythms Other heart sounds include a “galloping” rhythm, which involves additional heart sounds, S3 and S4.[healthline.com] […] murmur Heart sound inaudible Heart sound volume variable Heart sounds abnormal Heart sounds different Heart sounds diminished Heart sounds exaggerated Holodiastolic murmur Increased[icd9data.com]