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20 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, S3 Gallop, Tachycardia

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    ECG and telemetry revealed relatively slow supraventricular tachycardia, which did not trigger the alert, and catheter ablation successfully controlled the heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[medicalcriteria.com] Cardiac causes include arrhythmias (tachycardia or bradycardia), structural heart disease, and myocardial dysfunction (systolic or diastolic).[emedicine.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a rare form of arrhythmia that is most commonly seen during infancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[emedicine.medscape.com] Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Here, we report a Chinese family with typical DCM, ventricular tachycardia, syncope, and SCD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org] tachycardia Atrioventricular tachycardia Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia Atrial pacing at high rates Ventricular causes Premature ventricular complexes Right[escardio.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    BACKGROUND: Noninducibility of sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (SMVT) postablation does not insure absence of later recurrence in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Herein, we describe a patient with severe ischemic cardiomyopathy and refractory CHF who developed incessant ventricular tachycardia (VT) after the initiation of biventricular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a patient with ischemic CMP, symptomatic PVCs, and monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) despite attempts to control symptoms with two antiarrhythmic drugs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy ) cardiomyopathy in peripartum and post-partum cardiomyopathy tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy cardiomyopathy in infants of diabetic mothers secondary[radiopaedia.org] (SVT)上室頻拍 symptom 症状 syncope意識消失、失神 systole[心]収縮[期] systolic function収縮機能 systolic murmur (SM)収縮期雑音 t tachycardia 頻拍(脈) tachypnea呼吸頻数、頻呼吸 technetium (Tc)テクネシ(チ)ウム temporal[tokyo-med.ac.jp] Syncope, atypical chest pain, an initial episode of ventricular tachycardia, and recurrent ventricular tachycardia are the primary symptoms. 3 In addition, the genetic defect[aafp.org]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    However, both the postural tachycardia and sinus tachycardia persisted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her lungs were clear to auscultation and her heart rate was regular, with an S3 gallop. Her extremities were nonedematous, and she had no calf tenderness.[thepermanentejournal.org] […] or S4 gallop JVD Evaluation Echocardiogram Treatment Nonpharmacologic bed rest Na restriction Pharmacologic digoxin diuretics ACE inhibitors (once fetus has been delivered[step2.medbullets.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Cough containing mucus, or pink, frothy material Decreased urine output (oliguria) Need to urinate at night (nocturia) Heart palpitations (irregular heart beat) Rapid pulse (tachycardia[en.wikipedia.org] ECG showed LAE and sinus tachycardia. Coronary angiogram demonstrated normal coronary arteries.[apjmt.mums.ac.ir] During that time there were 14 sudden deaths, 10 sustained ventricular tachycardias and ventricular fibrillation in 3 groups of patients, but the risk of sudden death and[termedia.pl]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    If, during exercise, there was earlier-than-predicted fatigue or dyspnea or if ventricular tachycardia or hypotension was induced, I would refer the patient for aortic valve[doi.org] As AS severity increases, the findings of systolic heart failure may become more prominent, including an S3 or S4 gallop, the irregular rhythm of atrial fibrillation, an enlarged[doi.org] Syncope at rest may be due to transient ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, or (if calcification of the valve extends into the conduction system) atrioventricular[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] Tachycardia will lead to increase oxygen demand with reduction in blood supply because of the shorter duration of diastole, which reduces coronary blood flow.[biomedsearch.com] A S3 gallop indicates left-sided congestive heart failure.[atsu.edu]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    Common presenting signs and symptoms include: Tachypnea & increased work of breathing Tachycardia Poor weight gain / FTT Diaphoresis Pulmonary rales if heart failure marked[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Drugs such as digoxin may help to prevent irregular heartbeats and excessively rapid heartbeats (tachycardia).[rarediseases.org] Other symptoms in infants include sweating with exertion, tachycardia, poor feeding due to fatigue, and poor weight gain.[kidsheartshouston.com]

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