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36 Possible Causes for Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Tachycardia

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    ECG and telemetry revealed relatively slow supraventricular tachycardia, which did not trigger the alert, and catheter ablation successfully controlled the heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiac causes include arrhythmias (tachycardia or bradycardia), structural heart disease, and myocardial dysfunction (systolic or diastolic).[emedicine.com] These signs include tachycardia; venous congestion; high catecholamine levels; and, ultimately, insufficient cardiac output with poor perfusion and end-organ compromise.[emedicine.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a rare form of arrhythmia that is most commonly seen during infancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case 2 presented isolated LVNC with nonsustained ventricle tachycardia. A cesarean section was performed at 36 weeks' gestation because of placenta previa.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most common mode of presentation was ventricular tachycardia (VT). Two patients had left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Here, we report a Chinese family with typical DCM, ventricular tachycardia, syncope, and SCD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] tachycardia Atrioventricular tachycardia Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia Atrial pacing at high rates Ventricular causes Premature ventricular complexes Right[escardio.org] A 3-month-old female infant was referred to our paediatric ICU with a 4-day history of fatigue, tachypnoea, tachycardia, hypoxia, and respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] Emergency physicians must maintain vigilance in suspecting pericardial effusion and tamponade in patients with known or suspected malignancy who present with tachycardia,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Despite a relative tachycardia, his observations were otherwise unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    If, during exercise, there was earlier-than-predicted fatigue or dyspnea or if ventricular tachycardia or hypotension was induced, I would refer the patient for aortic valve[doi.org] Syncope at rest may be due to transient ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, or (if calcification of the valve extends into the conduction system) atrioventricular[emedicine.medscape.com] […] ischemia (especially skin) Splanchnic vasoconstriction Levosimendan Decompensated HF Loading dose: 12 to 24 μg/kg over 10 min Infusion: 0.05 to 0.2 μg · kg 1 · min 1 N/A Tachycardia[doi.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    BACKGROUND: Noninducibility of sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (SMVT) postablation does not insure absence of later recurrence in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a patient with ischemic CMP, symptomatic PVCs, and monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) despite attempts to control symptoms with two antiarrhythmic drugs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Herein, we describe a patient with severe ischemic cardiomyopathy and refractory CHF who developed incessant ventricular tachycardia (VT) after the initiation of biventricular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] The patient was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit in normotensive condition, with tachycardia, adequate distal perfusion and under the effects of sedation and[revistas.unal.edu.co] In the last 48 h, the symptoms had worsened, with tachycardia (140 bpm) and increasing dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    D supine with the head of the bed flat, provide supplemental oxygen via non-rebreather mask, place him on a cardiac monitor, which shows sinus tachycardia, and obtain peripheral[journals.lww.com] […] in vomit blood in stool dark stools epigastric pain back pain Physical exam upper GI bleed hemodynamic instability can occur with large bleeds signs include hypotension/tachycardia[step2.medbullets.com] If epinephrine is administered, the patient needs assessment for cardiovascular complications such as hypertension or tachycardia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Despite compensatory tachycardia, the decrease in cardiac filling leads to a fall in cardiac output and to arterial hypoperfusion of vital organs.[doi.org] These patients often develop frequent ascites and present with clinical signs and symptoms similar to cardiac tamponade (tachycardia, hypotension and dyspnea).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the same day, two episodes of sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation without hemodynamic instability had to be promptly treated with antiarrhythmic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    EKG showing sinus tachycardia, low QRS voltage and electric alternans, suggesting pericardial effusion. Figure 2. C hest X-ray pre- and post-pericardiocentesis.[swjpcc.com] […] involvement of the pericardium oroccasionally treatment of malignancy can cause pericardial effusion.Pericardial effusion can be asymptomatic or cause chest discomfort,dyspnea, tachycardia[nebraska.pure.elsevier.com] […] all sizes, the Se, Sp, PPV, and NPV for detecting cardiac tamponade were: low-voltage complexes (56%, 74%, 81%, 46%), electrical alternans (23%, 98%, 95%, 39%), and sinus tachycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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