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219 Possible Causes for Increased Jugular Venous Pressure

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    As right ventricular hypertrophy ensues, a right ventricular heave may be palpated at the lower left sternal border and increased right atrial pressure may cause elevation[] […] of the jugular venous pressure. [5] Complications The following are complications that can be seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF): Pulmonary hypertension[]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    Jugular enlargement – This vein engorges with the increasing jugular venous pressure.[] Kussmaul sign This was described by Adolph Kussmaul as a paradoxical increase in jugular venous distention and pressure during inspiration.[] Acute tamponade leads to increased jugular venous pressure (JVP) - Beck's triad: jugular venous distension, hypotension and diminished heart sounds - rarely seen.[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Physical findings are increased jugular venous pressure, tachycardia usually with a third heart sound, bilateral bibasilar crackles and a wide pulse pressure.[] Patients may present with the usual signs of high-output heart failure including tachycardia, elevated pulse pressure, hyperkinetic precordium, and jugular venous distension[] Over time, the demands of an increased workload may lead to cardiac hypertrophy and eventual heart failure.[]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    jugular venous pressure) are often obscured by hyperinflation of the chest 6 which is present in a number of COPD patients.[] Jugular venous pressures are always increased. Cardiac palpation may reveal a right ventricular heave.[] CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF COR PULMONALE: PLACE OF NON-INVASIVE METHODS The clinical signs of cor pulmonale are relatively insensitive 6 and some of them (signs related to an increased[]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Obonyo et al. (2017) used a definition of bi-basal crepitations and worsening oxygen saturation (indicative of pulmonary oedema) gallop rhythm, raised jugular venous pressure[] […] and increasing hepatomegaly.[]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    In fact, drainage of fluid lowered the blood pressure in these patients. 3. Increased jugular venous pressure- which decreases during inspiration. 4.[] jugular venous pressure, and a small and quiet heart.[] Physical Examination Findings Increased ventricular filling pressures cause jugular venous distention and Kussmaul's sign (paradoxical rise in jugular venous pressure on inspiration[]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    Physical examination is notable for elevated jugular venous pressure, often with Kussmaul's sign (paradoxical increase in jugular venous pressure with inspiration).[] pressures Jugular venous pressure may be increased Left ventricular impulse is usually normal and palpable Third heart sound may be audible due to rapid ventricular filling[] Despite normal (or near normal) systolic function at rest, ventricular diastolic, jugular, and pulmonary venous pressures are increased.[]

  • Right Atrial Myxoma

    Common symptoms associated with the failing right heart are prominent jugular a waves, increases in venous pressure, abdominal protuberance due to ascites and hepatomegaly[]

  • Right Ventricular Disorder

    A paradoxical increase in the jugular venous pressure during inspiration (Kussmaul sign) is indicative of right-sided heart failure and can be seen in RV failure, restrictive[] Large V waves in the jugular veins are usually indicative of significant tricuspid regurgitation which is often present in RV failure.[] […] and visible elevation of the jugular venous pressure, sometimes with large a or v waves that are visible even when the patient is seated or standing (see Figure: Normal jugular[]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    Physical Examination Findings Increased ventricular filling pressures cause jugular venous distention and Kussmaul's sign (paradoxical rise in jugular venous pressure on inspiration[]

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