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50 Possible Causes for Increased Jugular Venous Pressure, Lip Cyanosis, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    As right ventricular hypertrophy ensues, a right ventricular heave may be palpated at the lower left sternal border and increased right atrial pressure may cause elevation[emedicine.medscape.com] Imaging techniques like chest X-ray, CT scan and echocardiogram help in determining the location and extent of damage to lungs.[symptoma.com] […] of the jugular venous pressure. [4] Complications The following are complications that can be seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF): Pulmonary hypertension[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    […] and other neck and facial veins Increased jugular venous pressure Hepatomegaly Cyanosis Abnormal heart sounds Physical indicators of cor pulmonale on exam: Pulmonary hypertension[symptoma.com] , or gums ( cyanosis ) pronounced neck veins inability to tolerate exercise Pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale can lead to severe fluid retention which, in turn, can[verywell.com] Diagnostic highlights Test Normal Result Abnormality With Condition Explanation Chest x-rays Normal heart size and clear lungs Enlarged right ventricle and pulmonary artery[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Poor judgement Breathlessness during rest Rapid heart rate (90 to 100 bpm at rest) Blue/grey lips or fingernails (cyanosis) Fever of up to 101.3 F/38.5 C Profuse perspiration[climbing-high.com] Examples of tests used in diagnosing pulmonary edema include: complete blood count echocardiogram, or an ultrasound, to check for abnormal heart activity chest X-ray (CXR)[healthline.com] Chest x-rays, blood tests, an echocardiogram (to visualize the heart muscle), or an electrocardiogram (to identify issues with heart rhythm or other indicators of a heart[lungmds.com]

  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    Zoom Symptoms The clinical signs are related to the increase in venous pressure upstream from the SVC obstacle and the development of venous shunts ( Figure 13 ).[em-consulte.com] […] fullness in the head or ears swelling of the face, neck, upper body and arms coughing hoarseness chest pain difficulty swallowing coughing up blood bluish colour of the lips[cancer.ca] Typical physical findings: Facial edema, arm swelling, venous distention in neck and chest wall, and cyanosis Imaging studies Chest X-ray is abnormal in 75% of patients.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    The fluid status is checked by jugular venous pressure, which usually gets accentuated by the hepatojugular reflux.[newhealthadvisor.com] Physical examination The patient appeared chronically ill, with facial swelling, mild scleral jaundice, lip cyanosis, engorgement of the jugular vein, and a reflux-positive[omicsonline.org] If chest x-ray is abnormal or dyspnea worsens significantly, chest x-ray and pulmonary function tests are done yearly to check for pulmonary fibrosis.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Primary Pulmonary Hypertension

    Other symptoms include: Ankle and leg swelling Bluish color of the lips or skin ( cyanosis ) Chest pain or pressure, usually in the front of the chest Dizziness or fainting[mountsinai.org] Your doctor may also use an imaging test, such as an X-Ray, Echocardiogram (ECG), and lung function tests.[schmidtlaw.com] An ECG may show some abnormalities that may be suggestive of right heart failure. Chest x-ray may also show enlargement of the chambers of the right heart.[medicinenet.com]

  • Amniotic Fluid Embolism

    Chest X-ray does not often show any abnormality in the early stages before ARDS develops. ECG may demonstrate a right ventricular strain pattern in the early stage.[ceaccp.oxfordjournals.org] Non-specific tests Full blood count Low haemoglobin Coagulation Low platelets, increased PT and APTT, low fibrinogen Arterial blood gas Hypoxaemia, raised P a CO2 Chest X-ray[ceaccp.oxfordjournals.org] Non-specific tests include a full blood count and coagulation screen to demonstrate low haemoglobin and abnormal coagulation. Arterial blood gases may show hypoxaemia.[ceaccp.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Chest X-ray may reveal an enlarged or abnormal heart shape or excess fluid accumulation within the lungs .[emedicinehealth.com] Chest X-ray: Dilated cardiomyopathy increases the heart’s size on a chest X-ray film. Cardiac catheterization : This looks for blockages in the coronary arteries .[m.webmd.com] These tests include: Chest X-ray – provides doctors with images of your heart to determine if it is enlarged.[advocatehealth.com]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    Echocardiogram (also called "echo" or ultrasound): sound waves create an image of the heart Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): a record of the electrical activity of the heart Chest X-ray[chop.edu] Also, there may be changes that take place in the lungs due to extra blood flow that can be seen on an X-ray. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) .[heart.phoenixchildrens.org] Chest X-rays can also spot these changes. Electrocardiogram An electrocardiogram (or ECG) shows electrical activity inside your baby’s heart.[healthcare.utah.edu]

  • Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

    […] of one or more WHO functional class; worsening right ventricular failure (e.g., as indicated by increased jugular venous pressure; new/worsening hepatomegaly, ascites, or[clinicaltrials.gov] Pulmonary angiography – X-rays that show blood flow through the lungs. This test is used to confirm a diagnosis of CTEPH after the patient has an abnormal V/Q scan.[my.clevelandclinic.org] […] withdrawal due to two or more early escape criteria included: a decrease from Baseline of at least 20 percent in the distance walked during the six-minute walk test; an increase[clinicaltrials.gov]

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