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258 Possible Causes for Increased Jugular Venous Pressure, Perinuclear Condensation

  • T-Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma

    , dense nucleoli adjacent to the nuclear membrane Scarce cytoplasm with few mitochondria, strands of endoplasmic reticulum, free ribosomes and perinuclear filaments and microtubules[] […] medium size, with smooth surfaces and no cytoplasmic processes Irregularly shaped nuclei with frequent fissures and convolutions, evenly dispersed chromatin with peripheral condensation[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Right heart failure is characterized by low output syndrome with increased jugular venous pressure, increased liver size and hypotension.[] Jugular venous pressure is frequently assessed as a marker of fluid status, which can be accentuated by eliciting hepatojugular reflux.[] This includes serial assessment of weight, as well as estimates of jugular venous pressure and the presence of peripheral edema or orthopnea. 187 – 190 (Level of Evidence:[]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Atrial Fibrillation

    Head and neck Examination of the head and neck may reveal exophthalmos, thyromegaly, elevated jugular venous pressures, or cyanosis.[] Carotid artery bruits suggest peripheral arterial disease and increase the likelihood of comorbid coronary artery disease.[]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Cor Pulmonale

    […] and other neck and facial veins Increased jugular venous pressure Hepatomegaly Cyanosis Abnormal heart sounds Physical indicators of cor pulmonale on exam: Pulmonary hypertension[] jugular venous pressure) are often obscured by hyperinflation of the chest 6 which is present in a number of COPD patients.[] Right ventricular hypertrophy Right ventricular failure Increased chest diameter Labored respirations with retractions Distended neck veins Cyanosis On auscultation wheezes[]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle. Early on there may be few or no symptoms. Some people may have shortness of breath, feel tired, or have swelling of the legs due to heart failure. An irregular heart beat may occur as well as fainting. Those affected are at an increased risk of[…][]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs. It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory failure. It is due to either failure of the left ventricle of the heart to remove blood adequately from the pulmonary circulation (cardiogenic pulmonary edema), or an injury to[…][]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Pulmonary Embolism

    In this case, the elevated jugular venous pressure suggests a right ventricle that has reached its preload reserve, and further increases in the impedance to RV ejection may[] […] ventricular wall stress as a result of dilatation of the thin RV free wall and increased myocardial oxygen demand.[] […] systolic dysfunction increases when 30% of the pulmonary vascular cross-sectional area has flow impairment secondary to PE. 6 Additionally, RV ischemia may occur due to acutely increased[]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Myocardial Infarction

    Myocardial infarction, commonly referred to as heart attack, is a condition characterized by necrosis of the heart muscles due to development of ischemia that stays on for prolonged periods. Such a condition develops when the heart does not receive oxygen and blood due to blockage in the coronary arteries.[…][]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) ,colloquially referred to as a heart attack, is an irreversible death of a myocardial segment sequel to persistent occlusion and inadequacy of coronary blood flow to the heart. AMI typically presents with central chest pain which may radiate to the neck, left arm, jaw, and shoulders.[…][]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • High Output Heart Failure

    Physical findings are increased jugular venous pressure, tachycardia usually with a third heart sound, bilateral bibasilar crackles and a wide pulse pressure.[] Patients may present with the usual signs of high-output heart failure including tachycardia, elevated pulse pressure, hyperkinetic precordium, and jugular venous distension[] Over time, the demands of an increased workload may lead to cardiac hypertrophy and eventual heart failure.[]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation

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