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12 Possible Causes for Increased Patellar Tendon Reflex, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] After full range has been achieved by the therapist, the limb should be positioned in the lengthened positions to prevent against further contractures, skin breakdown, and[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Painful joints, joint contracture and hip dislocation can occur in severe form of disease.[2],[3].[explainmedicine.com] […] diplegic cerebral palsy If HSP symptoms begin to start in very early childhood, they may be non-progressive and resemble spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.Spasticity in lower limb[explainmedicine.com]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    Painful joints, joint contracture and hip dislocation can occur in severe form of disease.[2],[3].[explainmedicine.com] […] diplegic cerebral palsy If HSP symptoms begin to start in very early childhood, they may be non-progressive and resemble spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.Spasticity in lower limb[explainmedicine.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Spasticity is evident in the upper limbs by increased tone and a supinator 'catch', and in the lower limbs with a patellar 'catch' and clonus together with hypertonia.[doi.org] Congenital SMA with arthrogryposis (persistent contracture of joints with fixed abnormal posture of the limb) is a rare disorder.[web.archive.org] Tendon reflexes are pathologically brisk in a symmetrical manner, including the finger jerks in the upper limbs and positive crossed adductor reflex in the lower limbs.[doi.org]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type 3

    The deep tendon reflexes were increased, particularly in the lower limbs, with non-sustained patellar clonus.[jnnp.bmj.com] , Types 1 and 2 (Bruck syndrome) Patients with Bruck syndrome have congenital brittle bones prone to fracture, as well as congenital joint contractures and pterygia.[emedicine.medscape.com] They also have short stature, severe limb deformity, wormian bones, and progressive scoliosis which can be severe.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type 13

    The deep tendon reflexes were increased, particularly in the lower limbs, with non-sustained patellar clonus.[jnnp.bmj.com] , Types 1 and 2 (Bruck syndrome) Patients with Bruck syndrome have congenital brittle bones prone to fracture, as well as congenital joint contractures and pterygia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Mainstays of treatment include: bracing of limbs; orthotics to stabilize lax joints; promotion of appropriate physical activity; muscle strengthening; pain management; and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Proximal Myopathy with Extrapyramidal Signs

    Typically, weakness is accompanied by an increase in deep tendon reflexes such as the biceps, triceps, patellar or ankle jerks.[dartmouth.edu] The key features consist of familial myopathies associated with neck extensor and limb joint contractures (elbow, heel), humeropelvic-predominant weakness, cardiomyopathy,[neuroweb.us] […] of elbows, ankles, interphalangeal joints of the fingers later followed by proximal symmetric weakness in the lower limbs.[neuroweb.us]

  • Spastic Paraparesis-Deafness Syndrome

    There was increased muscle tone in the hamstring group and in the ankle region, positive patellar clonus and Babinski's sign, brisk deep tendon reflexes, wasting of distal[ruralneuropractice.com] Painful joints, joint contracture and hip dislocation can occur in severe form of disease.[2],[3].[explainmedicine.com] […] diplegic cerebral palsy If HSP symptoms begin to start in very early childhood, they may be non-progressive and resemble spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.Spasticity in lower limb[explainmedicine.com]

  • Pure Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    There was increased muscle tone in the hamstring group and in the ankle region, positive patellar clonus and Babinski's sign, brisk deep tendon reflexes, wasting of distal[ruralneuropractice.com] Painful joints, joint contracture and hip dislocation can occur in severe form of disease.[2],[3].[explainmedicine.com] ; Legs Arms Leg muscle wasting Seizures (50%) Mental retardation: Severe Skeletal Small head Kyphoscoliosis Joint contractures Progression: Rapid Brain MRI Hypomyelination[neuromuscular.wustl.edu]

  • Congenital Absence of Both Lower Leg and Foot

    Typically, weakness is accompanied by an increase in deep tendon reflexes such as the biceps, triceps, patellar or ankle jerks.[dartmouth.edu] […] of lower limb joints, congenital Spade-like hand (congenital) 755 Other congenital anomalies of limbs Excludes: those deformities classifiable to 754.0-754.8 755.0 Polydactyly[theodora.com] (see amelia and phocomelia ) contracture : The tightening of muscles around a joint, restricting the range of motion and suppressing muscular balance. contralateral : Originating[amputee-coalition.org]

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