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20 Possible Causes for Inspiratory Crackles (50, )

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Pulmonary auscultation revealed end-inspiratory crackles. Abdominal physical examination, difficult because of morbid obesity, did not reveal any abnormality.[circ.ahajournals.org] He had a history of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and intermittent claudication with a maximal walking distance of 50 m and had been smoking 20 cigarettes daily for[circ.ahajournals.org]

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  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Auscultation of the lungs reveals early inspiratory crackles, predominantly located in the lower posterior lung zones upon physical exam.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Auscultation of the lungs reveals early inspiratory crackles, predominantly located in the lower posterior lung zones.[orpha.net] Clubbing is found in approximately 50% of IPF patients. Cor pulmonale develops in association with end-stage disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Auscultation of the lungs reveals early inspiratory crackles, predominantly located in the lower posterior lung zones.[orpha.net] crackles (Velcro crackles): Noted in most patients Digital clubbing (25-50%) Pulmonary hypertension at rest (20-40%) [4] : Loud P2 component of the second heart sound, a[emedicine.medscape.com] Clubbing is found in approximately 50% of IPF patients.[orpha.net]

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  • Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia

    Although not specific, velcro-type fine end-inspiratory crackles on chest auscultation are characteristic physical finding in nearly all patients.[emedicine.medscape.com] Inspiratory crackles are found in about 50 % of cases, whereas digital clubbing is rare [ 45 ].[link.springer.com] Bibasilar fine inspiratory crackles (so-called Velcro crackles) are the most frequent physical examination finding and digital clubbing is seen in 25 to 50% of patients.[dx.doi.org]

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  • Secondary Pulmonary Interstitial Fibrosis

    […] years insidious onset of otherwise unexplained dyspnea on exertion duration of illness 3 months bibasilar inspiratory crackles (dry or “Velcro” type) In 2011, these criteria[radiopaedia.org] […] high-resolution CT: definite UIP pattern on HRCT chest transbronchial lung biopsy or bronchoalveolar lavage shows no features to support an alternative diagnosis Minor criteria age 50[radiopaedia.org]

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  • Respiratory Bronchiolitis Interstitial Lung Disease

    […] years Insidious onset of otherwise unexplained dyspnea on exertion Duration of illness 3 months Bibasilar, inspiratory, Velcro crackles All major criteria and at least 3[slideshare.net] […] impaired gas exchange HRCT: bibasilar reticular abnormalities with minimal ground glass opacities TBB or BAL that does not support an alternative diagnosis Minor Criteria Age 50[slideshare.net]

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  • Bronchiolitis

    On examination there are fine inspiratory crackles and/or high-pitched expiratory wheeze.” – University of Nottingham, in their 2009 Acute Breathing Difficulty Guideline.[dontforgetthebubbles.com] It is most often caused by respiratory syncitial virus (50-80%), as well as parainfluenza (especially PIV3), human metapneumovirus, influenza, rhinoviruses and adenovirus.[dontforgetthebubbles.com]

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  • Secondary Myopathy

    We confirmed the presence of diffused inspiratory crackles; in particular, there was no cutaneous stigmata of dermatomyositis.[hopkinsarthritis.org] Her oxygen requirements had dropped to 20% from 50%.[hopkinsarthritis.org]

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  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis

    The findings on physical examination can be unremarkable, but there are inspiratory crackles in 50% of patients, cyanosis in 25% and digital clubbing in a small percentage[academic.oup.com] Inspiratory crackles are present in 50%, cyanosis in 25%, and digital clubbing in a smaller percentage.[omim.org]

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  • Ventilation Pneumonitis

    Respiratory examination revealed diffuse bilateral fine inspiratory crackles. The rest of the physical examination was unremarkable.[lungindia.com] She had a temperature of 102 F, pulse of 140/min and a blood pressure of 110/50 mmHg. She was irritable but oriented to time, place, and person.[lungindia.com]

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