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4,843 Possible Causes for Intellectual Disability

  • Influenza

    disability (mental retardation), moderate to severe developmental delay, muscular dystrophy, or spinal cord injury].[] Neurologic conditions can include: Disorders of the brain and spinal cord Cerebral palsy Epilepsy (seizure disorders) Stroke Intellectual disability Moderate to severe developmental[] disability, moderate to severe developmental delay, muscular dystrophy, or spinal cord injury) Chronic lung disease (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD][]

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    McDermott S, Daguise V, Mann H, Szwejbka L, Callaghan W: Perinatal risk for mortality and mental retardation associated with maternal urinary-tract infections.[]

  • Connective Tissue Disease

    Biochemical profile: Low plasma proline, citrulline, arginine , and ornithine Clinical features: Hyperammonemia, cataracts, intellectual disability, joint laxity Treatment[] : Chronic acidosis, hypotonia, seizures, intellectual disability Treatment: Bicarbonate or citrate for acidosis Hartnup disease (234500) System B(0) neutral amino acid transporter[] disability, spastic diplegia, short stature, EEG abnormality Treatment: No clear treatment *Gene has been identified, and molecular basis has been elucidated.[]

  • Dementia

    Its member physicians work together to ensure humane care and effective treatment for all persons with mental disorders, including intellectual disabilities and substance[] Unlike mental retardation, dementia involves a change in thinking abilities relative to baseline.[] A history of Mental Retardation . Brookes : Baltimore . Schofield , R E. ( 1970 ). Mechanism and Materialism. British Natural Philosophy in an Age of Reason .[]

  • Osteoporosis

    Haploinsufficiency of SATB2 causes cleft palate, intellectual disability with deficient speech, facial and dental abnormalities, and other variable features known collectively[] Dysregulation of these mechanisms is involved in many human diseases, such as cancer, intellectual disability, and immunodeficiency, and in aging [ 91 – 94 ].[] Lifshitz F, Maclaren NK (1973) Vitamin D-dependent rickets in institutionalized, mentally retarded children receiving long-term anticonvulsant therapy. I.[]

  • Otitis Media

    Dekker MC, Koot HM, van der Ende J, Verhulst FC (2002) Emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents with and without intellectual disability.[] Particularly due to deficient hygiene and cleaning by parents, this complication was detected very often in mentally retarded children.[]

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    Mutations in PTRH2 cause novel infantile-onset multisystem disease with intellectual disability, microcephaly, progressive ataxia, and muscle weakness . Ann. Clin.[] Fibromyalgia in fragile X mental retardation 1 gene premutation carriers.[] Anti-müllerian hormone indicates early ovarian decline in fragile X mental retardation ( FMR1 ) premutation carriers: A preliminary study. Hum.[]

  • Pneumonia

    disabilities, being mechanically ventilated, using alternative feeding route).[] disabilities), characteristics of oral care measures (e.g. concentrations of the solutions used, mechanical or topical intervention), and diagnostic criteria of the outcome[] […] types of oral care measures, trial design (cluster or parallel), length of follow‐up, characteristics of participants (dentate or edentulous, with or without physical or intellectual[]

  • Fragile X Syndrome

    Abstract Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most frequently inherited form of intellectual disability and prevalent single-gene cause of autism.[] disability.[] This X-linked disorder is caused by an expansion of a trinucleotide CGG repeat ( 200) on the promotor region of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1).[]

  • Terminal 4q Deletion Syndrome

    We delineate intervals with recurrent phenotypic overlap, particularly for cleft palate, congenital heart defect, intellectual disability, and autism spectrum disorder.[] High proportion of 22q13 deletions and SHANK3 mutations in Chinese patients with intellectual disability. PLoS One 2012;7:e34739. 35. Lee KA.[] Clinical genetic evaluation of the child with mental retardation or developmental delays. Pediatrics 2006;117:2304–2316. 5.[]

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