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51 Possible Causes for Intracranial Hypertension, Irritability, Projectile Vomiting

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    They may also show symptoms of increased intracranial pressure due to hydrocephalus, and these include irritability, vomiting and convulsions.[] In older children, symptoms of increased intracranial pressure such as irritability, vomiting and convulsions and signs of cerebellar dysfunction such as unsteadiness and[] In older children, symptoms of increased intracranial pressure include: irritability vomiting convulsions signs of cerebellar dysfunction, such as unsteadiness, lack of muscle[]

  • Head Injury

    Your baby may have one or more of these early symptoms: loss of consciousness drowsiness dizziness confusion vomiting irritability drainage, clear or bloody, from his nose[] Cerebral artery vasospasm may ensue as an immediate hemodynamic complication of traumatic brain injury causing intracranial hypertension in almost half of patients.[] Dangerous mechanism of injury (high-speed RTA, fall from 3 m, high-speed projectile) If only one of the aforementioned risk factors is present then observe for a minimum[]

  • Meningitis

    An infant presented to our hospital with high fever and irritability, as well as refusal to walk.[] Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed a high opening pressure but no biochemical parameters to suggest TBM, hence she was treated as idiopathic intracranial hypertension.[] We present a case of a 23-year-old woman with a 2-week history nocturnal fever, vertigo, headache and projectile vomiting.[]

  • Hydrocephalus

    She returned 3 months later with irritability, acute paraplegia, and respiratory distress.[] Infants commonly present with progressive macrocephaly whereas children older than 2 years generally present with signs and symptoms of intracranial hypertension.[] vomiting Seizures Sleepiness or lack of alertness Very noticeable scalp veins In older children, headaches and visual changes may be seen.[]

  • Brain Abscess

    Cerebral abscesses can look identical and so should be considered as a differential diagnosis of a ring-enhancing lesion Clinical information Headache worsening for 2 weeks Irritability[] The patient developed a brain abscess and a subdural collection with severe intracranial hypertension of fatal evolution.[] Other symptoms in your child can include: projectile vomiting high-pitched crying spasticity in the limbs Many of these symptoms closely resemble other diseases or health[]

  • Epidural Hematoma

    Other symptoms of increased ICP include headache, severe nausea and projectile vomiting.[] Additional symptoms include: Drowsiness and lethargy Enlarged pupils Nausea with or without vomiting Head pain (which is hard to determine with infants) Fussiness and irritability[] General examination revealed severe headache, no motor or sensory disturbances, and no clinical signs of intracranial hypertension.[]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    […] separation of the cranial sutures, and paresis of upward gaze (the "setting sun" of the eyes) are typical signs of hydrocephalus that may be accompanied by poor feeding, irritability[] The patient received a temporary external ventricular drainage to relieve the symptoms of intracranial hypertension.[] The patient presented to the emergency department at the authors' institution with a 1-day history of projectile vomiting, lethargy, and dysconjugate gaze.[]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    […] neck (meningismus) Other symptoms that can occur with this disease may include: Agitation Bulging fontanelles (soft spots) in babies Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability[] With progression of the disease patient may present with other classical symptoms of TB meningitis such as fever, projectile vomiting, severe headache, neck rigidity, sensitivity[] Headache and meningeal irritation may be followed by SEIZURES, cranial neuropathies, focal neurologic deficits, somnolence, and eventually COMA.[]

  • Vomiting

    Small glossopharyngeal schwannomas can present with irritative symptoms of the ninth cranial nerve causing vomiting refractory to medical treatment.[] hypertension and hydrocephalusMetabolic disturbances (these may irritate both the stomach and the parts of the brain that coordinate vomiting): Hypercalcemia (high calcium[] Called also emesis and regurgitation. cyclic vomiting recurring attacks of vomiting. dry vomiting attempts at vomiting, with the ejection of nothing but gas. projectile vomiting[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Projectile vomiting is often observed. About 40% of them develop focal onset seizures during the initial stages.[] All except one presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of meningeal irritation; all but one responded to intravenous quinine and chloramphenicol or ampicillin.[] However, on the 7th day of hospitalization, the child suddenly manifested irritability and lethargy.[]

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