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42 Possible Causes for Intracranial Hypertension, Optic Disc Pallor, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    Keywords : benign intracranial hypertension, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, empty sella syndrome, hyperprolactinaemia, Pseudo-Foster Kennedy syndrome, Foster Kennedy[] The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[]

  • Papilledema

    Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[] […] visual loss from idiopathic intracranial hypertension, were published in April 2014.[] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Visual field tests were normal in four eyes.[] The pseudotumor cerebri syndrome: Pseudotumor cerebri, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, benign intracranial hypertension and related conditions, Cambridge : Cambridge[] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[]

  • Malignant Glioma

    Intracranial involvement may be associated with intracranial hypertension as well as decreased function of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.[] […] nerve head (although disc pallor may also be observed with posterior lesions).[] Intracranial spread to the chiasm or hypothalamus is rare. The chiasm is involved in roughly half of cases of optic nerve glioma.[]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Learning assessment Facilitate case discussion to achieve learning objectives Clinical skills can be tested via practicum of visual field, OCT and fundus photography Knowledge[] The most common cases seen in the examination is benign intracranial hypertension. ) Unilateral disc swelling inflammatory causes: papillitis vascular causes: arteritic or[] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[] hypertension.[] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    With this information, it is possible to correlate the degree of slimming within these layers to abnormalities in the visual fields.[] Chang D, Nagamoto G, Smith WE: Benign intracranial hypertension and chronic renal failure. Cleve Clin J Med 1992;59:419–422.[] , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[]

  • Retinal Perforation

    field testing (i.e., the confrontation visual field examination) abnormality Defect in visual pathway Sudden vision loss Central retinal artery occlusion; retinal detachment[] hypertension History of iritis (inflammation of colored part of the eye) History of migraine History of nervous system disorder History of of sensory organ disorder History[] Another study reported on patients with visual field defects after receiving air-fluid exchange and observed optic disc pallor and afferent pupillary defects, further suggesting[]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Intracranial hypertension and hydrocephalus are observed in about half of patients with LM.[] […] of optic disc and optical coherence tomography showed an atrophy of temporal retinal nerve fiber layer Click here to view Discussion LC, also referred to as carcinomatous[] Management of LM-H is particularly challenging regarding the control of severe symptoms due to intracranial hypertension.[]

  • Open-Angle Glaucoma

    Your doctor also may use a variety of non-invasive laser technologies to examine the optic nerve in your eye and perform a visual field test to detect abnormalities in your[] […] has been associated but not confirmed risk factor for OAG) [19] Type 2 diabetes mellitus High pattern standard deviation on visual fields Migraine or vasospasm Low intracranial[] […] of glaucoma Changes in the optic nerve in glaucoma are classically considered to be cupping and pallor of the disc.[]

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